Luke 2:52


How could Jesus, Who is God, and therefore all-wise, advance in wisdom?


It boils down to the hypostatic union of the human nature and the divine nature in Christ. He was God, but he also was an infant, then a boy, and only later, a full-grown man.

This post has a wonderful answer.


Father William G. Most +(an internationally-acclaimed theologian and Scripture scholar. ) says it this way...

In brief: The Church teaches His human soul saw the vision of divinity from conception, in which He knew all He would suffer.** Lk 2:52 saying He grew in wisdom refers to the manifestation, not to an actual growth.** Mk 13:32 tells us the source of His knowledge of the day was not His humanity, even though the day did register in His humanity.

Here is CCC...



470 Because "human nature was assumed, not absorbed",97 in** the mysterious union of the Incarnation,** the Church was led over the course of centuries to confess the full reality of Christ's human soul, with its operations of intellect and will, and of his human body. In parallel fashion, she had to recall on each occasion that Christ's human nature belongs, as his own, to the divine person of the Son of God, who assumed it. Everything that Christ is and does in this nature derives from "one of the Trinity". The Son of God therefore communicates to his humanity his own personal mode of existence in the Trinity. In his soul as in his body, Christ thus expresses humanly the divine ways of the Trinity:98

[INDENT]The Son of God. . . worked with human hands; he thought with a human mind. He acted with a human will, and with a human heart he loved. Born of the Virgin Mary, he has truly been made one of us, like to us in all things except sin.99
Christ's soul and his human knowledge

471 Apollinarius of Laodicaea asserted that in Christ the divine Word had replaced the soul or spirit. Against this error the Church confessed that the eternal Son also assumed a rational, human soul.100

472 This human soul that the Son of God assumed is endowed with a true human knowledge. As such, this knowledge could not in itself be unlimited: it was exercised in the historical conditions of his existence in space and time. **This is why the Son of God could, when he became man, "increase in wisdom and in stature, and in favor with God and man",101 and **would even have to inquire for himself about what one in the human condition can learn only from experience.102 This corresponded to the reality of his voluntary emptying of himself, taking "the form of a slave".103

473 But** at the same time, this truly human knowledge of God's Son expressed the divine life of his person**.104 "The human nature of God's Son, not by itself but by its union with the Word, knew and showed forth in itself everything that pertains to God."105 Such is first of all the case with the intimate and immediate knowledge that the Son of God made man has of his Father.106 The Son in his human knowledge also showed the divine penetration he had into the secret thoughts of human hearts.107

474 By its union to the divine wisdom in the person of the Word incarnate, Christ enjoyed in his human knowledge the fullness of understanding of the eternal plans he had come to reveal.108 What he admitted to not knowing in this area, he elsewhere declared himself not sent to reveal.109

Christ's human will

475 Similarly, at the sixth ecumenical council, Constantinople III in 681, the Church confessed that** Christ possesses two wills and two natural operations, divine and human. They are not opposed to each other, but cooperate in such a way that the Word made flesh willed humanly in obedience to his Father all that he had decided divinely with the Father and the Holy Spirit for our salvation.**110 Christ's human will "does not resist or oppose but rather submits to his divine and almighty will."111


Pax Christi


I think to embrace humanity, he came to us as a child. While he was still God, He was living as a human. He nursed & pooped his diapers. He learned how to talk, and walk. He went through all the stages of development and growth that a human goes through. As a human he was capable of growth. Note how in Scripture how he prays to God the Father? He makes requests, instead of acting under his own power.


[quote="boldlygo, post:1, topic:315202"]
How could Jesus, Who is God, and therefore all-wise, advance in wisdom?


D-R Bible, Haydock Commentary:

Ver. 52. Not that he was wiser at any future period of his life, than he was at the moment of his conception, but this is said, because he chose to manifest increasing signs of wisdom as he increased in years. --- In the same manner also he increased in grace, by displaying, as he advanced in age, the gifts of grace with which he was endowed; and by this excited men to the praise of God, from the consideration of favours God had bestowed upon him; and thus he conduced to the honour of God, and the salvation of men. (St. Gregory) --- The sun, always equally brilliant in itself, is said to increase in splendour, till it has reached its meridian brilliancy.


Thank you, all of you, for your help...I read three different Commentaries, and found nothing.


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