For kicks and giggles, I posted the following the following question to a Lutheran Q&A forum to see how they would answer:
**It seems clear that Jesus gave authority to pass on his teaching to the church, but where did Jesus give instructions that the Christian faith should be based exclusively on a book?
I’ve been searching the Bible and other than the specific command to John to pen the Revelation, I can’t find anything that says that Jesus told His apostles to write anything down and compile it into an authoritative book. **
This is the answer I got back:
**There are many Bible references to the Lord’s channeling his authoritative word through Old Testament prophets and writers, with the result being the Old Testament Scriptures. Hebrews 1:1, 2 Timothy 3:14-17, and 2 Peter 1:19-21 would be samples of this fact mentioned in the New Testament.
Your question seems to be focused primarily on the Lord’s use of apostles for the creation of the New Testament Scriptures. Your observation is generally correct: there is no emphasis on “specific commands” of Jesus to the apostles on this subject. The words assuring the original disciples (who were sent out as apostles) of the Holy Spirit’s guidance (e.g., John 16:12-15) speak to their qualifications, but not to an explicit command. The likelihood that God would follow the same kind of pattern he chose in the Old Testament (that is, provide authoritative Writings) is perfectly logical as well, but still not an explicit command.
Our conviction that the apostolic writings which comprise the New Testament are none other than God’s authoritative Word channeled through these writers does not rest on such a command. It is based on the self-authenticating nature of the Scriptures as they convince us of their reliability and authority.
There are other factors that we use as well–factors that are closer to what you are apparently looking for. Here we may speak of their apostolic origin or authorship, their internal testimony (they often claim to be authoritative and divinely inspired), and their full agreement with all that the Old Testament Scriptures had said and promised. The result is that we are convinced that what Paul said about himself and his fellow apostles in, for example, 1 Corinthians 2:6-16 is true and trustworthy.**
I would like to respond but am not sure what to say in response.