For you Lutherans out there, or anyone else who knows Lutheran history:
I’m curious to know when Lutherans starting worshipping with the priest versus populum (facing the people). Was it right away with Luther? Were there pockets of Lutherans who resisted and kept the tradition of facing liturgical East?
Some time ago I saw a photo of a Lutheran service and the minister was presiding ad orientem. I am not surprised if there are “traditionalist Lutherans” here and there, but is this just a modern phenomenon, or does it have a long history?
Please note: This is not a debate thread over which liturgical orientation is better. I’m just interested in the history. Thanks.