“Receptionism” generally refers to the belief that “the bread becomes Jesus in your mouth.” This belief appears to be contrary to the Lutheran confessions and is generally rejected by Lutherans, although I have seen it taught by Lutheran clergy and laity.
While Lutherans may not believe in receptionism as the term is commonly used, the confessional Lutheran doctrine is not far from it. The principle given in the Formula of Concord is nihil habet rationem sacramenti extra usum a Christo institutum. What this means is that, for Lutherans, the efficacy of the sacrament is limited to the “use of the sacrament,” which they define as the consecration, distribution and reception. Apart from these three things, there is no sacrament, and they condemn the Catholic belief that Christ’s presence persists:
[We condemn…] [t]he papistic transubstantiation, when it is taught that the consecrated or blessed bread and wine in the Holy Supper lose entirely their substance and essence, and are changed into the substance of the body and blood of Christ in such a way that only the mere form of bread and wine is left, or accidentia sine subiecto (the accidents without the [subject]; under which form of the bread, which nevertheless is bread no longer, but according to their assertion has lost its natural essence, the body of Christ is present even apart from the administration of the Holy Supper, when the bread is enclosed in the pyx or is carried about for display and adoration. For nothing can be a sacrament without God’s command and the appointed use for which it is instituted in God’s Word, as was shown above.
-Solid Dexlaration of the Formula of Concord vii.108
So while Lutherans do not believe that the bread becomes Jesus in your mouth, they do believe that the presence of Christ terminates with the reception of the congregation. Obviously, this differs from the Catholic faith, which it explicitly rejects.
Any Lutheran/non-Lutheran comments or criticisms?