I was perusing a Baha’i website, and found this interesting section that describes how Jesus probably believed in marriage (and giving birth) in heaven. And notice the quote from St. Irenaeus towards the bottom. What is the offiicial Catholic interpretation of the cited verses?:
At the time of Jesus, the Pharisees believed in marriage in Heaven for the “Perfectly Righteous”. The Sadducees (“Tzadokee’eem” in Hebrew), founded by Tzadok (a High Priest) did not believe in the Resurrection. They denied there was an Afterlife. They kept the Law of Moses because they believed it brought them “blessings” in this life; the only life we have. They did not believe in the Resurrection as did the Pharisees. Most priests (workers in the Jewish Temple) were Sadducees.
Evangelicals don’t believe in Marriage in Heaven; because Jesus was asked by Sadducees if there was marriage in heaven, and Jesus seemed to have denied it; saying that those who went to Heaven became like the angels who married not nor were given in marriage (Matt 22:30, Mark 12:25).
However, a *closer* examination of the Verses reveal: *The Sadducees were not asking if *Jesus' own disciples* were married in heaven, but if a Sadducee woman and her 7 husbands were married in heaven.
*Jesus replied that “the Children of This World” were not married in heaven, but became like the angels.(Like 20:34ff) Jesus never referred to His own disciples as the “Children of This World”, but as “the Children of Light” (John 12:36). He said to them, “Ye are not of the World” (John 15:19).
*The Sadducees were not sincere. They denied the Resurrection and the Afterlife. They were trying to catch Jesus is a snare! The Sadducees believed that Jesus was a Pharisee of the School of Hillel. This is why they called Him “Rabbi”. They knew that the rabbis taught that the “Perfectly Righteous” would inherit Gardens of Eden and eat and drink and be married to their wives and have children there (just as the Qur’an says). But the Sadducees did not believe in the Day of Resurrection. They did not believe in the Afterlife. They knew a Sadducee woman whose husband had died without “seed” (having begotten any children). According to the Law of Moses (which Sadducees kept), if a man die without “seed” then his brother would marry her, beget children, and the children of that union would be considered the heirs of the first brother who died without children. But, as the story went, the first brother died, then the second married her, then the second brother died without seed, then the third brother married her, then on and on till the seventh brother; none of whom had “seed” by her. They were saying, "Rabbi, if there is marriage in the resurrection, whose wife is the woman going to be, because she was married to all seven brothers! All had a legal claim on her!" To the Sadducees this presented an impossible problem that rabbis (i.e. Pharisees) could not answer! In other worlds, if there is marriage in heaven as the Pharisees claimed (and the Sadducees did not believe), and a woman has seven husbands during mortal life, at the Day of Resurrection whose wife is she going to be if all had legal claim to her under the Law, and the Law did not allow for polyandry (a woman having more than one husband at a time)?