[quote="jpink1019, post:1, topic:326049"]
I want a simple answer.
Does the Catholic Church teach that Mary is a co-Redeemer with christ?
Well - JESUS is never called "a co-Redeemer". So if you ask in THAT sense, then no.
For some reason Jesus willed that certain people share in His work of salvation.
Only Mary is called a co-redemptrix.
BUT even in the sense of "deputies" the saints are not called co-redeemers. Though in a sense they could be, it seems.
Jesus said to them, "Amen, I say to you that you who have followed me, in the new age, when the Son of Man is seated on his throne of glory, will yourselves sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Doesn't say if that judging will be as much as if those judged tribes (and the individuals in them?) will be allowed into heaven or not (salvation) -- but Christ shares his powers AGAIN it seems.
As the Biblical Prophet Simeon prophesies about Jesus and salvation - he mentions and links Mary into the same prophecy
Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This man was righteous and devout, awaiting the consolation of Israel, 10 and the holy Spirit was upon him.
26 It had been revealed to him by the holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Messiah of the Lord.
27 He came in the Spirit into the temple; and when the parents brought in the child Jesus to perform the custom of the law in regard to him,
28 he took him into his arms and blessed God, saying:
29 "Now, Master, you may let your servant go in peace, according to your word,
30 for my eyes have seen your salvation,
31 which you prepared in sight of all the peoples,
32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and glory for your people Israel."
33 The child's father and mother were amazed at what was said about him;
34 and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary his mother, "Behold, this child is destined for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be contradicted
35 *(and you yourself a sword will pierce) *11 so that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed." *
- NAB. KJV renders vs. 35 as:
35 (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.
The Holy Spirit inspired prophet links Mary with the prophecy about her son (though not equating her being co-pierced as being the same thing or equal to Christ's. Interestingly he mentions a sword piercing Mary "also" in the KJV when it was not mentioned about Jesus previously. (An interesting side note for those who must have scripture for every aspect of what they believe).
In another sense too, where the Bible calls Eve " ... the mother of all living".
Mary is called " ... blessed among women" (even more so than Eve).
As Eve's "no" to God (disobedience) cost mankind paradise.
Mary's "yes" "Be it done unto me according to your word" -- began the reparation that was the coming of the "New Adam" (Jesus).
Side note: Mary's answer to God the Father at the BEGINNING of the Messiah's coming to earth to save mankind
Mary said, "Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord.** May it be done to me according to your word.**" Then the angel departed from her.
-- is very similar to her Son's " ...
*Matthew 26:39 *
He advanced a little and fell prostrate in prayer, saying, "My Father, 25 if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; yet, not as I will, but as you will."
... on the night he began His final journey to the cross and accomplishing His mission ...
1 Corinthians 15:21
For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead came also through a human being.
22 For just as in Adam all die, so too in Christ shall all be brought to life,
Co-redemptrix is also less of a title the Church has conferred on Mary. It is rather more of the recognition of something Jesus did. He chose to fill ONE non-divine person with grace and be born of her - as part of His plan.
The honor **the Church does "give" HER is not equal to the worship it gives to God. And HIGH as the honor is that it gives Mary -- it is nothing in comparison to the honor given to her by the Lord Himself. The Church is happy to **follow Jesus in honoring her - as it should follow Him in all things.
The Church is not without the power of the keys to determine things. But it did not invent powers for Mary nor a key role in salvation history she did not already have.
Like others that are branches of "the vine" (Jesus) Mary has powers still.
Amen, amen, I say to you, whoever** believes in me** will do the works that I do, and will do greater ones than these, because I am going to the Father.
Certainly one of the "whoever" is Mary herself - OF whom the Holy Spirit Filled Elizabeth attests:
Blessed are you who believed that what was spoken to you by the Lord would be fulfilled."
In her humble holiness Mary calls herself a lowly handmaiden of the Lord. He has lifted her up. And the handmaiden gladly shares in His work. :)[/size]