The discussion of Mary being the Mother of God has cropped up again in varies thread in this forum. So I have decided to make this thread to further explain what the Mother of God means, and what it doesn’t mean.
To My Fellow Catholics and Orthodox Christians
I welcome you to enter into this discussion, and if some of you are new in this forum, you may learn something new if you do not know about this doctrine.
To My separated brothers and sisters in Christ; the Protestants,
I do not expect you to change your mind, but however, I like would you to look at the historic background why the two Major Christian groups (Catholic Christianity and Eastern Christian Orthodoxy).
I know that some of the Protestants do accept the belief that Mary is the Mother of God.
I. Background: Mary, the Mother of God. Scriptural Support.
Introduction: Let me beginning by quoting the first Chapter of John.
Gospel of John,
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God, all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and darkness has not overcome it.
Let me skept a few verses to verse 14
And the Word became flesh and dwelt amongst us, full of grace, and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only begotten Son from the Father.
We see that in the verses I provided the Word is God and on the verse 14, this word became flesh. We know him to be Jesus Christ, God incarnate. How did the Word became flesh? The Nicene Creed states, “He was conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit, and Born of the Virgin Mary.”
This echoes word of Angel Gabriel to Mary,
“The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the Power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called Holy, the Son of God.” Luke 1:35-36.
We see that Word became flesh once Mary accepted the will of the Father by becoming the Mother of His Only begotten Son.
Since Jesus is both True God and True, Man. Mary is indeed the Mother of God. In the Eastern Christian, Theotokos is properly used. Theotokos means God-bearer and the one who gives birth to God.
This is even more clear in the Words of Elizabeth.
“and she exclaimed with a loud cry, blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! And why is this granted to me, that the Mother of My Lord should come to me?”
Elizabeth address Mary as the Mother of My Lord. In Hebrew, the word G-d is never use. They revere the Word of God so much and instead of using God. Lord is used properly.
Simeon also addressed Jesus as Lord. He said,
“Lord, now let your servant depart in peace, according to your word; for my eyes have seen your salvation which you have prepared in the presence of all people.”
This is more clearly stated Thomas own words.
Thomas answered him, “My Lord and My God.”
Jesus himself said. "The Father and I are One. He also said, “Before Abraham was, I AM!”
Time and time again, Jesus acknowledge that he is God. He could not have manifested as flesh without the consent of Mary’s own free will.