The word Apostle appears exactly once in Matthew’s Gospel. The word disciple appears 72 times. In Matthew’s Gospel the word disciple and Apostle are sometimes interchangeable.
*And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every infirmity. (Matthew 10:1)
And when Jesus had finished instructing his twelve disciples, he went on from there to teach and preach in their cities. (Matthew 11:1)
And as Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples aside, and on the way he said to them, (Matthew 20:17)
When it was evening, he sat at table with the twelve disciples; (Matthew 26:20)*
Joseph of Arimathea was not an Apostle but he was called a disciple.
When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathe’a, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. (Matthew 27:57)
We have to look at the context - to whom Jesus is speaking. Jesus gave Peter the authority to bind and loose in Matthew 16.
And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 16:18-19)
The authority to bind and loose was given to the Church in Matthew 18. The Church is the context.
If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (Matthew 18:17-19)
The word Apostle appears only eight times in the Gospels. John’s Gospel doesn’t use the word Apostle at all.
The Authority to bind and loose was given to Peter and to the Church. That is what Scripture says.