[quote=Singinbeauty]New King James Version…
18 “Assuredly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.
Here Jesus is talking to all the disciples. It perked my ears because this is one of the foundations of papal authority because Jesus had said this to Peter. Could it be that Jesus had turned to all of the disciples and said this to all of the disciples? That the ‘Rock’ truly was the faith that Peter had portrayed?
19 And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
Just looking for feedback… no waves, I promise!
The Catholic Church understands Mt. 18:18 as applying to the 12 (in that passage Jesus is addressing the 12), who are given the power of binding and loosing. This comes immediately after his counsel on settling disputes by “going to the Church” and if someone will not listen to the Church, “let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.” The context is “the Church.” Then comes the “binding and loosing” statement. And the next verse is still addressing the 12:
Again I say to you, if two of **you **agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven. For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I in the midst of them."
As for binding and loosing and Peter’s Confession, Peter is neither the first nor the only person to say “you are the son of God” – Satan and the unclean spirits call him that; Nathanael does it before Peter does; Martha does it . . . So the point of Mt. 16:18 cannot be JUST Peter’s confession, although the confession is critical; it *must *be the person of Peter as well. Otherwise there would be no particular point in Jesus singling out Peter, calling him ‘the rock on which he will build his Church,’ and promising him the Keys.
Of course, without the Confession, Peter would not have been singled out. But separating Peter from his Confession doesn’t hold up.