I copied your “idols” passage–“it is proper to accord to them a fervent and reverent adoration, not, however, the veritable worship which, according to our faith, belongs to the Divine Being alone — for the honor accorded to the image passes over to its prototype, and whoever adores the image adores in it the reality of what is there represented”
I copied the quote above as it is evident that you did not really understand this passage. In the phrase “Veritable worship,” do you know the meaning of the word “veritable”? The word “veritable” means “being such truly or in fact, actual.” So this passage says that TRUE ACTUAL WORSHIP, according to our faith (CATHOLIC) belongs to the Divine Being ALONE. "The honor accorded the image passes over to that for which the image stands in, so that, in loving the image you are in fact, really loving the REALITY it represents, in other words, the IMAGE ITSELF IS NEVER ADORED NOR IS IT LOVED. The love which is expressed passes directly to the real person that the image represents.
If I took a picture of your mother and drew horns and a mustache on it would’t you be offended? It is generally taken by all people as an offensive act, an act of hostility. Why? Would anyone think that the picture is truly your mother? No, nobody thinks the picture is truly your actual mother, but we all know that the image stands in for your true and actual mother. Because the picture represents her, defacing it is commonly seen as a hostile act.
When people burn a figure in effigy, why should anyone take offense or even be upset? Are they truly burning that individual in the flesh? No, but we all understand what it represents and we understand the deep offense meant.
When a soldier takes a picture of a sweetheart into battle and looks at the picture with love in his eyes, do you think he mistakes the image for his sweetheart in the flesh? No, he does not. Yet, because he longs for her and cannot see her with his bodily eyes, he may gaze lovingly upon her image in the photograph. He is not confusing the picture with the flesh and blood woman, but all people are comfortable looking lovingly upom images of their loved ones.
Sculpture is also accorded the same representational status, that is, it represents the person who is sculpted. If I were to deface the Lincoln Memorial people would probably become very angry, but no-one would think I had hurt the former president.
The reason realistic looking art is termed “representational” art is because it actually does represent or stand in for the living being, or actual place in the case of landscape. The distinction is made that it is a representation, a portrayal, not the actual thing.
In the Catechism of the Catholic church this issue is specifically addressed as such:
"The Christian veneration of images is not contrary to the first commandment which proscribes idols. Indeed, “the homage rendered to an image passes to its prototype,” and “whoever venerates an image venerates the person portrayed in it.” The homage paid to sacred images is a “respectful veneration,” not the adoration due to God alone.
“Religious worship is not directed to images in themselves, considered as mere things, but under their distinctive aspect as images leading us on to God incarnate. The movement towards the image does not terminate in it as image, but tends toward that whose image it is.”
The above two paragraphs are directly quoted from the Catholic Catechism. The other thing I might mention is that Catholics worship God with their entire God-given bodies and senses. Much like Jesus who knelt in prayer, Catholics use bodily postures in worship. We also use art, the church has always looked with favor upon artistic expression and has supported the arts and artists.
I sincerely hope this has been helpful, I would certainly be uncomfortable with any faith that I supposed worshiped stone and you can plainly see from all of the above that this is simply not now, nor has it ever been, the case.
Peace and good will to you!