I recommend starting with the “Modern Catholic Dictionary” to get a consistent set of terms. Otherwise, the discussion may be frustrating. I have found the Modern Catholic Dictionary to be an outstanding source for reliable, consistent, complete and authentic definitions.
Here is a very complete definition of merit. This definition is taken from the “Modern Catholic Dictionary” by Father John Hardon S.J.
Merit. Divine reward for the practice of virtue. It is Catholic doctrine that by his good works a person in the state of grace really aquires a claim to supernatural reward from God. “The reward given for good works is not won by reason of actions which precede grace, but grace, which is unmerited, precedes actions in order that they may be performed meritoriously” (II Council of Orange, Denziger 388).
Certain conditions must be present to make supernatural merit possible. The meritorious work must be morally good, that is, in accordance with the moral law in its object, intent, and circumstances. It must be done freely, without any external coercion or internal necessity. It must be supernatural, that is, aroused and accompanied by actual grace, and proceeding from a supernatural motive. The person must be a wayfarer, here on earth, since no one can merit after death.
Strictly speaking only a person in the state of grace can merit, as defined by the Church (Denzinger 1576, 1582).
Merit depends on the free ordinance of God to reward with everlasting happiness the good works performed by his grace. On account of the infinite distance between Creator and creature, a human being alone cannot make God his or her debtor, if God does not do so by his own free ordinance. That God has made such ordinance is clear from his frequent promises, e. g. the Beatitudes and prediction of the Last Judgement.
The object of supernatural merit is an increase of sanctifying grace, eternal life (if the person dies in divine friendship), and an increase in heavenly glory. (Etym. Latin merces, hire, pay, reward.)