is conscience similar to moral judgement?

ban_sds #1
is conscience similar to moral judgement?

Conscience is the dictate of reason, that is the mind of man passing moral judgements. Conscience is correct when it correctly dictates what is right or wrong, and it is erroneous when it judges falsely right as wrong or wrong as right. An erroneous conscience can be so through laxity, in which case it is vincibly erroneous, but if not through one’s fault it is invincibly erroneous. To be a proper and valid norm of conduct, conscience must be certain and, if possible, correct. A vincibly erroneous conscience must be corrected by diligent study, inquiry, and consultation. Then as we read in section 1793 of the Catechism of the Catholic Church: “If the ignorance is invincible, or the moral subject is not responsible for his erroneous judgment, the evil committed by the person cannot be imputed to him. It remains no less an evil, a privation, a disorder. One must therefore, work to correct the errors of moral conscience.” The document of the Vatican Council known as Dignitatis humanae at section 14, actually tells one how this is to be accomplished:
“However, in forming their consciences, the faithful must pay careful attention to the sacred and certain teaching of the Church. For the Catholic Church is by the will of Christ the teacher of truth. It is her duty to proclaim and teach with authority the truth which is Christ and, at the same time, to declare and confirm by her authority the principles of the moral order which spring from human nature itself.” To repeat, conscience is of the intellect. It does not stem from emotions or feelings.

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