My God is Greater than your God. A Muslim, a Calvinist, and a Catholic
Everyone will tend to defend God according to what they consider to be the highest principle. Muslims likes to focus on God’s power and how to him man must submit - the meaning of Islam. He relishes in the idea of how man submits to the great power of Allah, their name for God. They believe God is so powerful, that nothing can constrict or bind him. He is free, they believe to even lie or contradict himself and they believe that shows his power. Or at least that is how they explain the contradictions in the Koran. And so, the Muslim will relish in the idea of God contradicting himself.
A Calvinist likes intellectual mystery. He holds that God predestines some people to go to heaven and others to go to hell. Each person has a fate at birth that cannot be avoided. However, it is hard to understand how a person will be sent to hell and even from birth has no chance to avoid that outcome. The Calvinist will relish in the idea that God’s ways are so beyond our understanding.
“God himself is willful, incomprehensible, and even self-contradictory, since he is good but makes man incapable of anything but evil.”
explanation of Luther’s theology.
For the Catholic God’s greatest attribute is love. And so, the Catholic will always explain how God’s actions are based on love.
So, for the Catholic, we will always explain verses like the one below in the Old Testament in the context of God’s perfect love and how he gives each person a chance to be saved.
“And if the prophet be deceived and speak a word, I, the Lord, have deceived that prophet …” RSVCE
So, in response to
The Old Testament often speaks of what God allows by His Divine Providence as what God does. So, if God deceives them, it is because they willed act contrary to God’s will and they deserved to be treated as such and God’s plan was best for all, and IF they had truly desired to repent of their sin God would take them back.
Which attribute is your favorite, his Power, his incomprehensible ways, or His Love ?
Hope this helps.