No, they don’t. Some people find it amusing to anthropomorphise animal actions and pretend that what they do by instinct is motivated by rational reflection and self-awareness of one’s own nature as human acts are. Sadly, some other people take these jokes seriously.
An animal can “learn” to do something which it is habitually rewarded for, or avoid somnething it is habitually punished for. A beaver can “build a beaver house”. All this is instinct. Man can train animals to do what he wants them to do, but the animals do not actually think about what they are doing.
What do you mean when you say animals do not have “the gift of reason?” I’m thinking you may be basing your claim on a philosophical system.
As are all claims made by anyone about anything. My “claims” are based on the natural law philosophical system which is enbraced byu the Catholic Church. Which philosophical system is your claim that animals can reason based on?
I agree what if killing an animal we should minimize its suffering. But if you have ever baited a fishhook with a worm, you have tortured it.
No, I said killing an animal “should only be done when necessary and should be done in the most humane way which is reasonably possible under the circumstances.” To efficiently catch a fish, it is often necessary to bait a hook with a live worm. There is a purpose to doing it, the fisherman is not poking holes in worms just for the fun of watching them bleed. Just as it is often necessary to drown puppies.