So I’ll be working in Bahrain over the next few months and I noticed that church there offers “Obligation Masses” beginning on Friday at 7AM. sacredheartchurchbahrain.org/mass_services
The reason why they would offer the Sunday liturgy on Friday is because the weekend in Saudi Arabia is Thursday and Friday, so the christians who commute to Bahrain to attend mass have no way to attend on Saturday or Sunday.
Canon 1248 is pretty clear in that the earliest you can fulfill your Sunday obligation is on the evening preceding.
- The precept of participating in the Mass is satisfied by assistance at a Mass which is celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the holy day or on the evening of the preceding day.
- If because of lack of a sacred minister or for other grave cause participation in the celebration of the Eucharist is impossible, it is specially recommended that the faithful take part in the liturgy of the word if it is celebrated in the parish church or in another sacred place according to the prescriptions of the diocesan bishop, or engage in prayer for an appropriate amount of time personally or in a family or, as occasion offers, in groups of families.
Now church attendance is a matter of discipline so it is something that the Church has the authority to change. Is this something that the local Bishop has the authority to change? Is there any obligation fulfilled, as suggested by the term "obligation mass, by attending a Sunday liturgy on a Friday?