[quote=FightingFat]How do we proove the authenticity of the Bible of today?
PROVE? The only proof is in the history. You follow the history and you have the proof. There is not a scientific experiment or any other test to PROVE the authenticity. Its existence and history are all there is to prove it. Plus there are some secular histories that are parellel enough to provide some independent corroboration.
Who’s to say what is considered apocrypha now wasn’t an important part of the (Pre Council of Nicea) early Church?
NOBODY I know of (that knows what they’re talking about) says it wasn’t an important part of the early Church. It assuredly was. What the early Church had as scripture was the Septuagint (also noted as the LXX), and it included the deuterocanonical books. They were not removed and set apart as a separate “section” until the Reformation.
Besides, the little changes in texts due to translation can have huge ideological consequences.
Yes they can. But it’s amazing how much agreement there can be, and is, when scholars get their heads together, use what they know, and couple that with the Church’s guidance. It was the Church’s guidance, finalized at Carthage in 397, that produced the canon of scripture. It wasn’t scholars alone. It wasn’t the Church alone. It was the combination of the two, with the Church making the final decision. So what do you trust? You trust the Church. It’s at once complex and simple.
Experts still disagree on the precise and apropriate translation of these ancient texts, and even if the texts were handed in modern English, there would still be bickering over exact meaning.
Some will always bicker. So what? Trust the Church. The Church produced the canon of scripture. Scripture itself says the Church is the pillar of truth; scripture does not claim that for itself. So be not dismayed. Some of this is no more than a red herring, cast before you by doubters, the ignorant, or those who wish to support their own private interpretations of scripture.
For example if you look at what Scholars say on this subject who are University Professors versus versus what the Catholic church’s scholars might say, do you get a different perspective? Where do our translations come from today? What is the best one and what are the differences? Does the church still hold the original texts?
For scholars versus the Church (which is not altogether an accurate perception - there is not necessarily a disagreement or antagonism there), see by answer above. As to what is the best? I can’t say. Nor can you. Several are excellent. Some of the likes and dislikes are driven by fact; some are driven by preference. It’s taht simple.
Many old and ancient texts survive. I don’t believe the ORIGINALS of any of them survive. All in existence today are, I believe, the product of copyists.
Charis kai eirene!