It’s main purpose is to give you the point of view of 1st or 2nd century christians and how they would have understood the text.
Really? How much information on Scriptural exegesis do we have from the first and second century? I didn’t think we had much more than the NT books themselves (examining their use of the OT books), some Apostolic Fathers, the Apologists, some suspicious Apocryphal and Gnostic writings, and Irenaeus. The NT canon wasn’t even settled in the main until the end of the 2nd century.
It also illuminates the shortcomings of the written Greek and Hebrew and gives you the different possible interpertations of those words (or lack thereof).
I don’t understand you here, Brap.
I encourage you to investigate the basic issues that face Catholics in the area of Scriptural exegesis. A great place to start is with the Pontifical Biblical Commission’s “The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church,” which outlines various approaches to Scripture and briefly describes their uses and limitations.
In short, spiritual sense interpretations of Scripture, including the exegesis of the Fathers, and personal spiritual and moral reflection are essential. But no less essential are historical-critical exegesis and other related modern, scholarly methods of interpretation.
As such, I encourage you to use a variety of sources in studying Scripture. I truly believe that the Navarre Bible, which is heavily indebted to the Fathers, and Scott Hahn-esque conservative sorts of commentaries (Ignatius Catholic Study Bible; Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture) have valuable contributions to make. However, I encourage you to also investigate the mainstream of Catholic historical-critical scholarship, like the footnotes in the NAB and the work of Fr. Raymond Brown and similar scholars. Don’t let some of the posters on CAF convince you that those sources are ultra-liberal and unfaithful; they are not. They represent sober scholarship.
The Magisterium encourages Catholics to make use of modern methods of exegesis. That means making use of them honestly and fully, even when they seem to lead to conclusions that stand in tension with our traditional Catholic faith. Jump into the tension and the issues, honestly and fully.