Muslims (as well as Jews) profess to worship the God of Abraham, the one True God. We also profess to worship the God of Abraham. We recognize that this God is a Trinity of Persons, Muslims (and Jews) do not. Does that mean they do not worship the God of Abraham? No. It means they sincerely believe they are worshiping the God of Abraham, but we believe they have incomplete or incorrect knowledge of Him.
So, yes, in the sense that there is only one God, and we all claim to worship Him, we worship the “same God”. Don’t confuse that to mean that we believe the same thing about God, or that we are all three correct about that God. Catholicism would reject the idea that everyone is fine worshiping God as they see fit, and anything goes. Our mission in evangelization is to bring people to the truth about who God is.
We acknowledge their sincere search for God, but of course we believe they are mistaken about many things, including the nature of God.
The Church doesn’t have any teaching on Islam’s tenets of faith. We have teaching on our own tenets of faith.
Yes, we are called to evangelize all people.
No. Islam is, in essence, a derivation of the Arian heresy mixed with tribal paganism of the 7th century, Iconoclasm, and some elements of Judaism and Christianity.
Most religions do, as they are mostly all a search for truth and God.
Because Christian lands and people were under attack, and the Crusades were called to defend against the aggression.
Do we call for invasion of countries? No. Do we call for discrimination against Muslims living in democratic societies and going about their business like good citizens? No.
Do we oppose unjust aggression and call for the defense of peoples being attacked by groups like ISIS? Yes, of course.
The Church has defined (at the First Vatican Council) that God can be acknowledged without faith. Faith is believing what He has revealed. As such, it is possible for someone to acknowledge and even adore God but be deceived or mistaken as to what He has revealed.
Furthermore, the defining aspect of God is that for Him, essence is the same as existence (as summed up in His ultimate declaration of who He is: “I AM” or “I AM who AM.”) He is the Creator of all that exists and all other being is dependent on Him.
It is impossible to posit a being for whom essence and existence are the same who is not God. By definition, if for a being essence and existence are the same, it is God. Muslims acknowledge God as the Creator of the Universe and for whom essence and existence are the same. That’s all that’s necessary to acknowledge God (in fact, the virtue of religion, which is not a theological virtue, but falls under justice, is to honor God as the Creator and principle of all being).
The rest of the truth about God and His plan for our salvation is known only by faith in God’s word, but this is not necessary to simply acknowledge Him or worship Him.
Nothing more should be implied from acknowledging this basic truth–we should not put the two religions therefore on the same footing, we should not treat the two holy books as both authentically revealed, etc., etc. This also does not mean that everything done in His name is therefore virtuous or good.
Not to interrupt the conversation between you and 1ke, but I just want to say that - everyone can have an “opinion” but since you are asking for the “Catholic understanding” of Islam…you should look at Church teaching.
As 1ke points out, the Church does not really address Islam’s tenets…but the Catechism does address what should be our relationship to Islam…Sorry I can’t look it up right now…maybe someone else can post it.
thanks. Is robert spencer a catholic? i am getting a two books of his already. So how woud these resources saying islam is false, reconcile with the pope and vatican 2 i think, that says we worship same god?.
1] do Muslims worship the same god as Catholics the god of the bible?
Yes, but in a flawed way due to the errors within Islam. The three Abrahamic faiths all worship the same God. Judaism- under the accurate but incomplete understanding of the Old Covenant, Christians- with accurate and complete understanding (here grouping in non-Catholic Christians with Catholic for simplicity), Muslims- inaccurately and incompletely due to the errors within Islam (unlike Judaism and Christianity, Islam isn’t divinely inspired/guided; Muslims believe their faith is a continuation of the other two, but it’s not and that is the subject for another thread)
2] Is Islam a religion of peace to be accepted, or should we preach the gospel to them as well and look to convert?
You need to better define the term “peace” as it has numerous definitions that would change how I would respond.
3] Is Islam true? or does it have parts of truth in it?
The Church teaches that it, like the other non-Judaism non-Christian faiths, has parts of the truth within it since the truth is universal (applies to everyone, everyone can find it/understand it) and absolute (analogy- gold is gold regardless if it is in a gold bar or in a mound of dirt; the dirt doesn’t change it to being not gold)
4] Why did the church call crusades against Islam before, yet seems to accept them today?
Which crusade are you talking about?