]2 Corinthians 5:10
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad
I love this passage. It is an excellent definition for God’s necessarily “fair and just” judgement; because it is based on man’s own choices; choices that can be guided by God IF we permit it. [Freewill] comes at a price.
This teaching is affirmed also by the following: Heb. 6:10; Rev.2:23; 1 Peter 1:17; & Mt. 19:17, Mt. 16:27
If we repent of our sins to God and they are absolved here on earth by a priest, our sins are forgiven and removed as far as the east is from the west. However, Holy Scripture also tells us that we will be “recompensed for our deeds in the body”
This is TRUE! However,
Time exist for our sake, not God’s to whom everything is “PRESENT-time”
We believe in the resurrection of OUR own bodies; then to be GLORIFIED, just as Christ body was raided from the Dead in a GLORIFIED state. [It’s part of our CREEDS].
Upon our death our earthly bodies will decompose, and return to dust. Genesis 3: 19; but we are promised New; perfected bodies at the Final & second Judgment. 2 Peter 3:13 & Rev, 21: 1-5.
If our sins have been absolved by a priest and forgiven by almighty God, how can we then be judged by those same sins on judgment day? In a legal sense, wouldn’t that be double jeopardy?
I would like the Catholic position on this question because I am slightly confused by these seemingly contradictory verses but I know that God never contradicts Himself. I must be misunderstanding them or taking something out of context. Please help put these verses back in context in terms of one another. Thanks again!
Thomas, thank you so very much for the kind and thoughtful post.
“legal perspective” is a very human response to profoundly Divine matters:
Isaiah 55: 3-10 “Incline your ear and come to me: hear and your soul shall live, and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, the faithful mercies of David. Behold I have given him for a witness to the people, for a leader and a master to the Gentiles. Behold thou shalt call a nation, which thou knewest not: and the nations that knew not thee shall run to thee, because of the Lord thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel, for he hath glorified thee.
Seek ye the Lord, while he may be found: call upon him, while he is near. Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unjust man his thoughts, and let him return to the Lord, and he will have mercy on him, and to our God: for he is bountiful to forgive. For my thoughts are not your thoughts: nor your ways my ways, saith the Lord. For as the heavens are exalted above the earth, so are my ways exalted above your ways, and my thoughts above your thoughts. And as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and return no more thither, but soak the earth, and water it, and make it to spring, and give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater”
“Let no man deceive you with vain words. For because of these things cometh the anger of God upon the children of unbelief”
The short answer to your question is no. WHY
It has to do with understanding a bit more about God’s very Nature; His very Self & also about the Nature of sin.
We must never forget that God both by desire and absolute need to “Be GOD” can only be “good; fair and just.” He can and does permit evil and tragedy, but is not the direct cause of it.
This understanding of God along with understanding a bit more about the nature of sin; specifically that ALL SIN has a “public nature”; because sin is never a private matter. Our sins effect the Church, and other people by our sinful example and accrues what the Church-theology terms “Temporal Punishment” due to sin.
So even If and WHEN are Confessed, forgiven and forgotten; God’s Divine need for a perfect or perfected “fairness and justice” for all our sins CAN still exist, as Confession ALONE is insufficient. Note here that Temporal punishment ALONE cannot prevent one from eventually entering into heaven. BUT unconfessed and unforgiven Mortal sins 1 John 5:16-17, can and DO.
Along with the power and authority of all “of the Key’s to heaven”; Mt. 16:15-19, God empowers Perter and his successors “unlimited Power of Governance” Mt. 16:19 “And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven” Termed the Powers to “Bind and or to Loose”; here in the bible.
So the Church; empowered, guided and directed by God [on Faith and Morals] permits the Church, in His Name, to institute a method here or earth [or purgatory after our Death W/O Mortal sin]; and She has instituted “Indulgences” that work as “Pay- back” for Temporal Punishment. The PROBLEM is that God alone knows the amount of just-punishment that He applies to each sin AND also how much of that debt is repaid by our good works, charity, prayers, suffering and Indulgences conditionally earned by us.
This “UNPIAD” debt for our sins, even if forgiven then is what you are speaking about. NOT the forgiven sins themselves. This issue is worthy of far greater discussion but limited space needs to be factored into my reply. Indulgences too is a separate discussion.
I hope and pray this information is of some help to you. Please send me a private message if you’d like more information.
God Bless you,
Patrick [PJM] on CAF