StevenMerten Posted this on another thread:
Pope Eugene IV, Council of Florence (ex-Cathedra and infallible):“The Holy Roman Church firmly believes, professes and preaches that all those who are outside the Catholic Church, not only pagans but also Jews or heretics and schismatics, cannot share in eternal life and will go into the everlasting fire which was prepared for the devil and his angels, unless they are joined to the Church before the end of their lives; that the unity of this ecclesiastical body is of such importance that only for those who abide in it do the Church’s sacraments contribute to salvation and do fasts, almsgiving and other works of piety and practices of the Christian militia produce eternal rewards; and that nobody can be saved, no matter how much he has given away in alms and even if he has shed blood in the name of Christ, unless he has persevered in the bosom and unity of the Catholic Church” (“Cantate Domino,” 1441, ex cathedra).I wanted to answer to this but was unable to yesterday.
This teaching is a part of the Magesterium, and it is true. No one who sehds their blood for the faith can be saved unless they have preservered in the unity and bosom of the Church. But it must be taken a a whole The whole of Cantate Dominio is that no “work” justifies unless it is joined to “faith”. No one’s work can save them if they have no faith and no one can be a member of the Church without faith. The person who was martyred can have implicit faith and can certianly implicitly desire to be in the unity of the Church. And if this is the case, then the person is indeed saved.
We are not a works based salvation. Shedding blood cannot earn one’s salvation unless it is done in faith and in the unity of the Body of Christ.
It is up to God to judge of that person who shed their blood for their faith has done so in the Church, which is Christ’s Body.