This canon concerning crossbows and archers was in the second lateran council:
- We prohibit under anathema that murderous art of crossbowmen and archers, which is hateful to God, to be employed against Christians and Catholics from now on.
quoted from here: papalencyclicals.net/Councils/ecum10.htm
Now, if I understand this canon correctly, this canon states that if someone were to use a crossbow or a bow against another Christian that they are anathema ( another word for excommunicated right?)
So I have a few questions about this sort of thing, the first being, what is the logic behind such a canon? Can the use of a particular weapon be considered “hateful to God” ? And if it is, how would firearms (which are far more lethal) not be considered the same?
And another question is essentially, are canons such as this still binding today? I don’t think there is a similar canon denouncing the use of firearms, so is this sort of canon still relevant today? I have no plans of shooting arrows at people lol, but like let’s say a hunter was spending some time in a cabin of his and someone broke in and tried to rob and kill him, and in self defense the hunter shot the attacker (who happened to be a Christian) with his hunting crossbow, would this person who presumably acted in legitimate self defense be considered anathema because he happened to use a crossbow in self defense?