If a new congregation is founded by the bishop, it goes straight to the “public association” designation.
New congregations being founded by private individuals are known as “private association of Christ’s faithful WITH the intention of becoming an institute of religious life.” After recognition by the local bishop, they will be known as the same thing only “suri juris” will predicate the phrase.
My particular ministry started as, and still is, a Private Association of Christ’s Faithful WITHOUT the intention of becoming an institute of religious life. New congregations may arise from it, but those groups will be completely separate from it. If I had wanted non-profit status, I would have required a letter from the bishop, and a board of directors. The ministry would then be recognized as another form of a Public Association.
Since the Children of Mary are Public Association, they have shown growth.
The next stage for them will be Diocesan Right which comes after 10 years of growth. They can expand to other dioceses after that.
Pontifical Right, which is being confused with what the article states, comes after 25 years of growth.
This is what the article is discussing: the group lives their life, gets everything written down, then find what all works for them. When they present themselves to the bishop, according to this article and the new law, the diocese will then be OBLIGATED to send the group’s information to Rome for their discernment. Rome, in turn, will say whether or not the group is needed. If Rome doesn’t like the group for one reason or another, they will not give approval. Does this mean the group disbands? No. They have a right to associate, and they have a right to keep doing what they’re doing. They will have to change their way of operating, though, and put any habit sketches in the archives for the time being. They can wear some kind of uniform.