Venerable Pope Pius XII supported the idea of humanity forming a world federation of democratic states. The type of world federalism described by Pope Pius would appear to be the Catholic Church’s broad aim in speaking of “global governance”; not a unitary world state or a tyrannical world government but yes a World Federation endowed with genuine authority, maintaining the peace, equality and autonomy of the member states and founded upon a healthy, Catholic/Christian ethos and governed by Christian ethics yet having true separation between Church and State:
“…Your movement, Gentlemen, has the task of creating an effective political organization of the world. There is nothing more in keeping with the traditional doctrines of the Church, or better adapted to her teachings on the rightful or unjust war, especially in the present world situation. An organization of this nature must, therefore, be set up…You are of the opinion that the political world organization needs to take a federal shape in order to be effective. If you mean by this that it needs to be released from mechanical leveling down then you thereby are as well in accordance with the principles of social and political life as they are established and advocated by the Church…[The future political world organization] will only exercise effective authority to the degree in which it preserves and fosters the independent existence of a healthy human community whose members jointly participate in advancing the welfare of the whole of humanity…You have the courage to give yourself to this cause. We congratulate you. We would express to you Our wishes for your entire success and with all Our heart We will pray to God to grant you His wisdom and help in the performance of your task…The spirit of federalism, the future organization of the world in political respect, will play an important role. In the same measure it safeguards the natural and healthy life of human communities in bringing about the greatest welfare of all mankind. I wish you great success in your labor and God give you light and assistance…”
***- Pope Pius XII, to the members of the Congress of World Federalists, held in Rome, April, 1951 ***
Yes you read that correct, Pope Pius XII supported the idea of a World Federation of Nations…
Back in the 1950s this was commented on by many newspapers, for example these two in the American press:
Part of the first link reads:
"…WORLD FEDERALISM TO END ARMS RACE
Pope Pius Friday urged the creation of a world political organization to put an end to an armament race that will leave people “ruined and exhausted”. The Pope addressed 25 delegates from 11 countries, gathered here for the fourth congress of the World Movement for World Federal Government. The objectives of this organization, the Pope said, “conform with the traditional doctrine of the Catholic Church”.
A world political organization, the pope said, must be of a federal form to take effect…"
The other newspaper reads in part:
"…POPE PIUS URGES ONE GOVERNMENT
Reuters - Pope Pius XII today told world federalists from eight countries that world government was “more than ever neccessary”. Suggesting that present sovereign governments were too feeble to handle the international crisis, he appealed for a world authority…His audience was drawn from men and women from 22 countries…"
"…An essential point in any future international arrangement would be the formation of an organ for the maintenance of peace, of an organ invested by common consent with supreme power to whose office it would also pertain to smother in its germinal state any threat of isolated or collective aggression.
No one could hail this development with greater joy than he who has long upheld the principle that the idea of war as an apt and proportionate means of solving international conflicts is now out of date.
No one could wish success to this common effort, to be undertaken with a seriousness of purpose never before known, with greater enthusiasm, than he who has conscientiously striven to make the Christian and religious mentality reject modern war with its monstrous means of conducting hostilities…"
- Pope Pius XII, Democracy and a Lasting Peace, 1944
“…The unity of the world will be. The dignity of the human person shall be recognized not only formally but effectively. The inviolability of life, from the womb to old age… Undue social inequalities will be overcome. The relations between peoples will be peaceful, reasonable and fraternal. Neither selfishness, nor arrogance, nor poverty… [shall] prevent the establishment of a true human order, a common good, a new civilization…”
***—POPE PAUL VI, Urbi et Orbi Message, April 4th, 1971 ***
This World Federation will never occur at the moment given the current sorry state of humanity. It can only come around if the world is penetrated by Catholic teachings and values.
According to many Catholic prophecies there will come, after a period of great distress, a “sabbath day” for the world where Christ will be fully born within the hearts of all men, and all people will live like saints, but well before the Second Coming and the New Heavens and New earth.
Venerable Bartholomew Holzhauser (17th century)
“…A great change will come to pass, such as no mortal man will have expected…a new mankind will come into existence. God possesses the key to everything. Blessed is he who will then be able to praise him, having obeyed all his commandments. And the great monarch of the world will create new laws for the new mankind and will cause a new age to begin, in which there will be only one flock and one shepherd, and peace will be of long, long duration, for the glory of God in heaven and on earth…The Sixth Age of the Spirit commences with the powerful Monarch and the Holy Pontiff…This will be an age of consolation in which God will console His Spirit of the affliction and the great tribulation of the preceding age. All the nations will be united in the Catholic faith. The sacerdocy will flower more than ever, and men will seek the kingdom of God in all solicitude… Many saints and doctors will flourish in the earth. Men will love reason and justice. Peace will reign in all the universe, because the divine power will bind Satan for many years, until the son of perdition will rave anew…It is in that age that the relation of the sixth Spirit of the Lord will be known, that is to say the Spirit of Wisdom that God diffuses over all the surfaces of the globes in those times. For men will fear the Lord their God, they will observe the law and serve it with all their heart. The sciences will be multiplied and complete on the earth. The Holy Scriptures will be unanimously understood, without controversy and without the errors of heresies. Men will be enlightened, so much as in the natural sciences and in the celestial sciences. Finally, the Sixth Church, the Church of Philadelphia, is the type of this sixth age, for Philadelphia signifies friendship of brothers, and again guarding the heritage in union with the Lord. Now all these characters convene perfectly in the sixth age, in which they will have love, concord and perfect peace and in which the powerful Monarch will have to consider almost the entire world as his heritage. He will deliver up the earth, with the aid of the Lord his God from all his enemies, of ruin and of all evil…for all nations will be brought to the unity of the True catholic faith…”
Catholicism, unlike Protestantism, is not bleak about the future nor about the possibility of moral, humane progress for our race.
A new civilisation of love, to quote Blessed Pope John Paul II’s words, can come into being.
We never attain utopia, however we can certainly attain a united, much more Catholic world where such evils as war, abortion, euthanasia, social inequalities etc. are either eliminated or greatly lessened from their current state.
And as Catholics we have hope to believe that through the Holy Spirit the world will get better rather than worse, more unified rather than fragmented, more Catholic rather than atheist.
There will also be great scientific advancement but moral and ethical - in accordance with Catholic principles.
The above prophecy from Holzhauser, a prophet greatly respected by Pope Benedict XVI, saying that the “Spirit of Wisdom will be diffused over the globes” in this future time of world peace, that is other planets, may hint at future space exploration and a significant advancement in this science, again in accordance with Catholic morality.
Its far-off to our eyes but all things are possible to God.