Why is it that at least in most modern English translations of the Bible, in the Old Testament God’s ministers are referred to as “priests” while in the New Testament they are rendered as “presbyters” or “elders/overseers/bishops”? A priest once told me that we didn’t get “presbyter” from “priest,” rather, we got the term from the Greek word “hierus.” I think I also read somewhere, perhaps wikipedia, that “hierus” denoted a member of a sacramental/sacrificial priesthood while “presbyter” did not, and only later in the first few hundred years of the Church ministers began to be referred to by “hierus” instead of “presbyter.” Anybody correct me if they know this to be untrue.
Please note that this isn’t an attempt to discredit the priesthood. I believe in Holy Orders. I’ve just heard a lot of contradictory things about the early development of the orders and I’m confused; I would appreciate anyone’s help.