Priesthood in the Bible: Split from "Historical Christianity is One.."


#1

The Thread “Historical Christianity is One, Holy Catholic, and Apostolic Church” has bring the issue of priesthood. In order to prevent the thread from derailing, I decided to split the issue of priesthood in the Bible, particularly in the New Testment.

Here are some Biblical Proof Text of Priesthood:

Romans 15:15-16 --“But I have written to you rather boldly in some respects to remind you, because of the grace given me by God to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in performing the PRIESTLY service of the Gospel of God, so that the offering up of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.”

Acts 14:23 --“They (Paul and Barnabas) appointed presbyters for them in each church and, with prayer and fasting, commended them to the Lord in Whom they put their faith.”

Here’s how it works:

“Presbuteros” (Greek) --> “Presbyterus” (Latin) --> “Prete” (Italian) --> “Pretre” (French) --> “Proest” (Old / Middle English) --> “Priest” (Modern English).

So, returning to our discussion of “presbuteros,” it is clear that the early Christians understood these individuals as the “fathers of the community” – those who offered the Sacrifice of the Mass; just as the “fathers of the tribe” offered sacrifices in Old Testament times before the Temple was built (e.g. Genesis 8:20, Genesis 15:10, Judges 13:19-20, etc). And this is the origin of calling a Catholic (or Orthodox) priest “father,” a custom we can see reflected in Scripture itself (see 1 Corinthians 4:15, 1 Corinthians 4:17, 1 Timothy 1:2, 1 Timothy 1:18, 2 Tim 1:2, 2 Tim 2:1, Philemon 10, 1 Peter 5:13, 3 John 4).

And this custom is clearly rooted in the ancient Jewish practice of referring to the Old Testament Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc), and their legitimate successors, as “father,” something we can see in the New Testament as well (see Luke 1:32, Luke 1:73, Luke 16:24, Acts 7:2, Acts 22:1, Romans 9:10, Romans 15:8, Hebrews 1:1).

Any Catholic who wishes to add his own views, feel free to do so.

God be with you.


#2

You just sum it up! Thanks!:thumbsup:


#3

First go to Chapter 16 of the book of Numbers, which relates the story of a rebellion in which Korah the son of Kohath rose up against the leadership of Moses. The complaint was that Moses had no authority to set himself in a special position above the rest of the people because the entire nation, every individual, was holy.

In response, Moses said “Isn’t it enough for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the rest of the Israelite community and brought you near himself to do the work at the Lord’s tabernacle and to stand before the community and minister to them? He has brought you and all your fellow Levites near himself, but now you are trying to get the priesthood too. It is against the Lord that you and all your followers have banded together.” Note carefully that Korah’s sin was that he was attempting to usurp for himself a ministerial role that was given by God to only a limited number of the people, and most specifically he was rebelling against the teaching authority that God had given to Moses. You can read the entire chapter to find out what happened to Korah and his followers.

Now turn to the book of Jude, specifically verses 8, 10-11: “In the very same way, these dreamers pollute their own bodies, reject authority and slander celestial beings… Yet these men speak abusively against whatever they do not understand; and what things they do understand by instinct, like unreasoning animals–these are the very things that destroy them. Woe to them! They have taken the way of Cain; they have rushed for profit into Balaam’s error; they have been destroyed in Korah’s rebellion."

Here we have the Apostle Jude specifically saying that there are those among the believers who are actively engaging in the rebellion of Korah: the rejection of the God-given authority of a Magesterial class in the Church, and the desire to usurp for themselves the unique role of the ministerial priesthood. In order for this to be true, such a ministerial priesthood must have existed as a distinct and legitimate part of the structure of the church. Furthermore, as the fulfillment of the OT class of ministerial priesthood, the NT priesthood would have been understood to be a hierarchical office of dynastic succession in keeping with the prefigurement of the OT. This office would include, as did the OT priesthood, the legitimate exercise of the functions of public worship, offering of sacrifices, the teaching of doctrine, and making binding juridical decisions. Still further, those believers not holding that office would be obligated as a matter of the faith to submit to the teachings and disciplines of the ministerial priesthood, again as were the OT Israelites. If it were not so, then those of whom Jude speaks could not have been guilty of the sin of Kohath - and yet on the authority of Christ himself speaking through the Apostle Jude, they were.


#4

Korah was a reformer.


#5

He was and he swallowed up by the earth.


#6

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