The Thread “Historical Christianity is One, Holy Catholic, and Apostolic Church” has bring the issue of priesthood. In order to prevent the thread from derailing, I decided to split the issue of priesthood in the Bible, particularly in the New Testment.
Here are some Biblical Proof Text of Priesthood:
Romans 15:15-16 --“But I have written to you rather boldly in some respects to remind you, because of the grace given me by God to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in performing the PRIESTLY service of the Gospel of God, so that the offering up of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.”
Acts 14:23 --“They (Paul and Barnabas) appointed presbyters for them in each church and, with prayer and fasting, commended them to the Lord in Whom they put their faith.”
Here’s how it works:
“Presbuteros” (Greek) --> “Presbyterus” (Latin) --> “Prete” (Italian) --> “Pretre” (French) --> “Proest” (Old / Middle English) --> “Priest” (Modern English).
So, returning to our discussion of “presbuteros,” it is clear that the early Christians understood these individuals as the “fathers of the community” – those who offered the Sacrifice of the Mass; just as the “fathers of the tribe” offered sacrifices in Old Testament times before the Temple was built (e.g. Genesis 8:20, Genesis 15:10, Judges 13:19-20, etc). And this is the origin of calling a Catholic (or Orthodox) priest “father,” a custom we can see reflected in Scripture itself (see 1 Corinthians 4:15, 1 Corinthians 4:17, 1 Timothy 1:2, 1 Timothy 1:18, 2 Tim 1:2, 2 Tim 2:1, Philemon 10, 1 Peter 5:13, 3 John 4).
And this custom is clearly rooted in the ancient Jewish practice of referring to the Old Testament Patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc), and their legitimate successors, as “father,” something we can see in the New Testament as well (see Luke 1:32, Luke 1:73, Luke 16:24, Acts 7:2, Acts 22:1, Romans 9:10, Romans 15:8, Hebrews 1:1).
Any Catholic who wishes to add his own views, feel free to do so.
God be with you.