There are 4 dipthongs in Latin; otherwise every vowel is pronounced and indicates a syllable. The dipthongs are:
*]au pronounced as the ou in the English pronounce.
*]ae prounounced as the ai in the English faith.
]oe also pronounced as the ai in faith (but there are exceptions).
*]ui pronounced as the wi in the English dwindle.
ae and oe may be written as ligatures: æ, œ (as in tubæ above) but this only a typographic alteration, not pronunciation.
In ecclesiastical Latin, the single vowels are:
*]a pronounced as ah in blah.
*]e also pronounced as the ai in faith.
*]i pronounced as ee in feet.
*]o pronounced as o in go.
*]u pronounced as ue in true.
While there may be an elision (loss of a syllable), especially for metric reasons in poem or song, *Laudate eum *should be Lou-dah-tai ai-uem.
Ecclesiastical Latin consonants are pronounced more-or-less as English.
*]c is hard (k) except when followed by e, i, or the dipthongs ae or oe, which soften it to the ch sound of church.
*]v is pronounced as English v (as opposed to restored-Classical Latin, which pronounces it as Englsih w)
*]ti followed by a vowel is pronounced as if there is an intervening s, tsi.
*]j is consonantal i pronounced like y in yes.
The ys in *tympano *and *cymbalis *indicate borrowing from the Greek – Treat them like i. Likewise, the ch in *choro *is a Greek borrowing – Pronounce as k.
(* Sometimes o followed by e are pronounced as separate syallables. When Latin is written with macrons indicating long vowels, one will apear over the ē in such cases. For example, poena, penalty, is pai-nah, but poēta, poet, is po-ai-tah.)