A big question any society needs to ask itself is how to deal with those who make mistakes, break the law, or cause harm to others. It is natural to want revenge, to want to see the other person suffer as much as the victim did, but revenge and justice are not the same thing.
As a tv show host named John Oliver once said, “Justice is complicated, requiring the sublimation of our baser instincts which -though difficult- is the only thing separating us from the anarchy of beasts”.
With this in mind, the question comes down to whether you punish criminals or try to turn them back into productive members of society. You can have justice or Revenge, but not both.
Unfortunately, in the U.S. at least, prisons seem to have nothing to do with rehabilitation. The Convicted live in inhumane conditions, many are often raped by their cell mates, the guards look the other way and pretend not to notice the rapes so as to control the prison population, and society at large seems to think its funny (if a show makes a joke about Collage Campus rape, it would get canceled, but if that same show made a “don’t drop the soap” joke everyone would laugh it up). An ex convict will have trouble finding a job, because nobody wants to hire a convict (not even for a job with zero risk of him robbing you). If a prisoner is sent to jail for a sex offense (which can be as minor as public urination), the discrimination is doubled. And when convicts get out, their considered civilly dead: they pay taxes, but they are not allowed to vote and therefore can not change the broken system.
The result is a high number released convicts deciding they have no reason to respect the society that rejected them, and the result of that is a high level of recidivism. Before you say “They’re criminals, they deserve it”, imagine a criminal in one of these situations who is sincerely sorry for what he’d done. Reforming himself is impossible because society dosnt want him to have another chance.
Feel free to discuss this, just be level headed.