Adventists assume a young earth and a seven-day creation. At least the ones I knew always did. (I do too, btw, but this thread is about Seventh-day Adventists).
They do make sabbath a test of salvation, yes, they do allow for the ‘ignorance’ of some, but insist that it will be the central test at some future point, and that those who know (even now) are held responsible to keep it.
I think we made the same point. I don’t think we are disagreeing on this.
Sunday is not ‘man’s traditions’, it is an apostolic tradition recorded in the earliest accounts of Christian worship.
Umm . . .I don’t think the New Testament anywhere speaks of Sunday as being kept as a ‘holy day’ distinct from the Sabbath. I don’t think the Apostles kept Sunday instead of the Sabbath. Under Jewish law one could not handle money or goods on Sabbath, which is why advice is given to set aside one’s tithing on the first day of the week. Paul apparently gave a Sabbath Vespers service which continued well into the night (remember that for Jews, the Sabbath ended at sundown), leading to the unfortunate fall of Onesimus.
Paul’s usual practice however was to meet on the Jewish Sabbath and to use that day as an opportunity to proclaim the Gospel: this seems to have remained his practice even after his evangelistic efforts shifted towards focusing upon the Gentiles. In many places the disciples of Christ seem to have met daily or nearly every day, probably the source of the custom of daily Mass. In general, Sabbatarians (not just the Adventists but others) make a reasonable case based on careful exegesis of the scriptural evidence, that Sunday observance did not actually displace Sabbath observance in the Apostolic era of the Church.
I believe that shift was a very early one–it probably started happening at least in the lifetime of John the Revelator–and I don’t think Sunday observance violates the New Testament in principle–but I don’t believe that the Apostles saw Sunday as the “Eighth Day of Creation” or celebrated it in place of the Jewish Sabbath they had grown up with. That tradition grew up in the second generation of Christians, as Gentile Christians began to outnumber Jewish ones, and as the customs of Jewish culture began to fall away and hold less sway.
There is no commandment in the New Testament for Christians to keep the Jewish sabbath.
There is no clear command to alter the original practice either, and no clear evidence that the Apostles themselves actually modified the observance of Sabbath. Without one or the other, the original commandment (a part of the moral law, remember, and not part of the ceremonial, theocratic, or dietary laws of the Old Covenant) would take precedence. The best evidence we have that a change would not be contrary to Scripture are the two admonitions by the Apostle Paul cited previously, each of these probably directed more at the issue of observing Jewish High Holy Days, and not the Sabbath specifically. However, Paul’s comments do logically extend to Sabbath-keeping as well and provide justification for allowing a new generation of Christians to abstain from Sabbath-keeping altogether or to displace the Saturday-Sabbath with one honoring the Resurrection of Christ. Which is what ultimately happened-but NOT, I stress, in the lifetime of Paul or most of the other Apostles, IMHO.
On the contrary, in the book of Acts, when the apostles met to decide what of Jewish law Christians would need to observe, the sabbath was not mentioned. As Christians, we are not obligated to Jewish dietary laws, mandatory circumcision or the observance of the Jewish sabbath.
You have inserted the Sabbath without specific scriptural warrant. Circumcision and dietary laws were explicitly abrogated in the text of the New Testament. No clear parallel exists for the Sabbath being abrogated, making your point an argument from silence. You also miss the point that the Sabbath was included in the “moral law” and not in the ceremonial, theocratic, or dietary laws of the Old Covenant. It is part of the Decalogue, the Ten Commandments. This gives it a higher standing that rules regarding abstention from pork or rules about ceremonial uncleanness.
Again, you and I agree that the principles expounded by Paul give us liberty to worship on Sunday. Where we disagree is on whether Sunday worship is directly traceable back to a specific command of or practice of the Apostles of Christ. I think the evidence is that it is not. I am OK however with that. You seem uncomfortable with it.