The OT who did not know Jesus as Lord celebrated it on the Sabbath but because it was the work of the Lord and was in honoring God so Jesus affirmed it was okay especially as Jesus Is the Lord of the Sabbath. Jesus who teaches us about God, taught that the Sabbath day was created by God as a day of rest for man to worship God. Now God is not a liar and Jesus words are true. Jesus taught that the Sabbath was made for man so after Jesus resurrection humans began to celebrate the Sabbath on Sunday and called it the Lords Day in remembrance of Jesus who is ‘Lord of the Sabbath’ because that is the most important day to a Christian.
Jesus was fully human ‘Son of Man’ and fully divine ‘Son of God’. Son of Man refers to Jesus being fully human in every way except sin. Jesus has always had His divine nature as being the only begotten Son of God.
Your other questions.
[quote=] Mustard Seed Mk 4:30-34
- What do the birds symbolize?
- Verse 32 says something about the birth of an heir. Please elaborate.
- What did Jesus intend in only explaining the parables to His disciples in private?
Also, I know this is about the humble beginnings of the Kingdom of God. What does this refer to? Heaven? Jesus’s ministry? etc…
The birds and mustard bushes are a parable relating to how the Kingdom of heaven would grow. Multitudes of people would grow into a great Kingdom from Jesus and a little group of disciples. The Mustard seed bushes actually were the biggest most plentiful bushes around during that time when Jesus said it so Jesus was giving the disciples a visual of what it would be like in the future.
I don’t believe that Mark 4:32 mentions an heir, but to that point Jesus is heir to the Father and we are made co-heirs with Jesus through our Baptism making us brothers and sisters of Jesus with God as Our Father in Heaven. So Baptism makes us children and co-heirs of God. Romans 8:17
Jesus explained to the disciples, the first leaders/Priests of the Church) in private because His time had not yet come (John 2:4) and didn’t want to be martyred yet because His work unfinished though later Jesus commanded His disciples to teach others what He had taught them. So though Jesus taught them in private He intended His teachings to be shared with the followers in the Church for eternity. That goes back to why Jesus taught in parables, so they would be easily remembered. It refers to the Kingdom of God in heaven as it states, which is eternity in God where Jesus is King, sitting on the Throne of God…
This is how I understand it though as the previous poster said a good Catholic Bible study class is helpful because scripture study can delve into the topic much more deeply… Karen