[quote=“Samuel Monosov”]1. Anything that has a beginning has a cause.
American Heritage: The producer of an effect, result, or consequence.
Reasonable. I can’t think of anything that has a beginning that doesn’t have someone or something that started it.
- The universe has a beginning
Unproven. In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the gate to Ravenclaw asks, “Which came first, the Phoenix or the Ashes?” Luna Lovegood answers, “A circle has no beginning and no end.”. The gate says that’s reasonable, and opens. I’ve never seen a convincing proof that the universe had a beginning so I don’t buy this point.
- Therefore the universe has a cause.
This only follows if you agree with statements one and two and I do not.
X. This cause is God.
Those “various arguments” are important, no? I mean, a horse race has a cause. That cause is a start pistol. It you define “God” as “A starter pistol” then I freely admit there is a God, but that’s a silly definition of the word! Certainly, we can’t just to the assumption that there’s an omnipotent, omniscient being in the universe. That’s unfounded.
- What about the objection that something that has a beginning may not be caused?
Can you provide an example? It’s late, but I cannot think of one.