The biblical aproach you are refering to is the modern method of interpretation generally referred to as “historical criticism.” It arose in 19th century Protestantism and began to be embraced by many Catholic scholars in the mid-twentieth century. The premise of this aproach is to look at the Bible as any other historical document and to analyze it from several angles: historical, literary, linguistic, cultural, and so on.
This is fine, so far as it goes, but the discipline soon transmogrified into what is commonly called " a hermeneutic of suspicion," which in practical terms means that any supernatural aspect of the Scriptures (miracles, some forms of prophesy, etc) is automatically assumed to be later additions to simple, easy to explain stories. This is where the aproach, IMHO, goes terribly wrong, as these scholars present this analysis as established fact (which it is not) and would thus leave us, in many cases, with a Bible stripped of the supernatural, or a befuddled, very human Jesus who would be shocked to learn that people consider him divine or that he meant to start a Church, etc. The infamous “Jesus Seminar” folks have refined this error to an art.
This aproach has managed to suck the life out of Bible reading for many people who reason if the “scholars” say it, it must be true. You have people in this very forum who slavishly follow this type of hermeneutic, so don’t be surprised if you get some contrary opinions. What the Church itself teaches on this subject is made abundantly clear in the Vatican II document on Divine Revelation Dei Verbum:
- Those divinely revealed realities which are contained and presented in Sacred Scripture have been committed to writing under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. For holy mother Church, relying on the belief of the Apostles (see John 20:31; 2 Tim. 3:16; 2 Peter 1:19-20, 3:15-16), holds that the books of both the Old and New Testaments in their entirety, with all their parts, are sacred and canonical because written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, they have God as their author and have been handed on as such to the Church herself.(1) In composing the sacred books, God chose men and while employed by Him (2) they made use of their powers and abilities, so that with Him acting in them and through them, (3) they, as true authors, consigned to writing everything and only those things which He wanted.Therefore, since everything asserted by the inspired authors or sacred writers must be held to be asserted by the Holy Spirit, it follows that the books of Scripture must be acknowledged as teaching solidly, faithfully and without error that truth which God wanted put into sacred writings (5) for the sake of salvation. Therefore “all Scripture is divinely inspired and has its use for teaching the truth and refuting error, for reformation of manners and discipline in right living, so that the man who belongs to God may be efficient and equipped for good work of every kind” (2 Tim. 3:16-17, Greek text).
So take take any wooden nickles, even if you hear them in this forum. For more info, see these articles,
Scott Hahn On The Politicized Bible
What Is Biblical Criticism—and Should We Trust It?
or visit my website, linked below.