=bitznbitez;9970164]For a Lutheran they believe Christ is truly present “in with and under” but they reject that the bread and the wine have in any way changed. Some will dispute over whether they believe in consubstantiation or not. Whether they believe the presence remains after consecration and the communion service itself ends seems to vary.
Clearly, the bread and wine are no longer mere bread and wine. therefore, it can be said there is a change. What we won’t do is use metaphysical terms to describe the change. It is a mystery.
From the Apology of the Augsburg Confession:
The Tenth Article has been approved, in which we confess that we believe, that in the Lord’s Supper the body and blood of Christ are truly and substantially present, and are truly tendered, with those things which are seen, bread and wine, to those who receive the Sacrament. This belief we constantly defend, as the subject has been carefully examined and considered. For since Paul says, 1 Cor. 10:16, that the bread is the communion of the Lord’s body, etc., it would follow, if the Lord’s body were not truly present, that the bread is not a communion of the body, but only of the spirit of Christ. 55] And we have ascertained that not only the Roman Church affirms the bodily presence of Christ, but the Greek Church also both now believes, and formerly believed, the same. For the canon of the Mass among them testifies to this, in which the priest clearly prays that the bread may be changed and become the very body of Christ. And Vulgarius, who seems to us to be not a silly writer, says distinctly that bread is not a mere figure, but 56] is truly changed into flesh.
No dispute. Lutheranism rejects consubstantiation. And the Lutheran Church makes no claim regarding whether or not the presence remains, other than to say that Christ makes clear His purpose, that we eat and drink. So, we are certain of his presence during the sacramental act.
Lutherans, especially confessional lutherans like LCMS, retain private confession and absolution because it is in the Book of Concord ( The Lutheran Confessional documents ) in theory. Though as was said above in practice it isn’t followed and a simple general absolution is proclaimed to the congregation each service if they are still celebrating the lutheran liturgy. Many are more like non denom churches in practice these days yet still retaining the name Lutheran.
It isn’t retain “because it is in the Book of Concord”. It is retain (and in the Book of Concord) because it is an appropriate function of the Church, historically and scripturally.