If I understand correctly, the church is infallible on matters of faith and morals?
are catholics expected to have blind faith…follow the church without looking into the matters of faith and morals themselves and finding that they have (or haven’t) have logic and reason?
how does the infallibility work? I’ve been told it is protected against teaching false doctrine in matters of faith and morals? Does this mean it can never teach wrong or that it can but it will quickly be resolved? For example peter was rebuked?
I’ve heard that there were bad popes? Did these ever teach things that were later considered to be “wrong”. How were they bad popes etc?
Correct. The Church teaches infallibly when teaching on faith and morals. That does not mean everything is a doctrine, nor does it mean everything that the bishops or the pope teach is an exercises of infallibility. There are many aspects of the Faith that the Church has not defined dogmatically.
No, “blind faith” is not a Catholic teaching. There is no conflict with faith and reason.
That said, we are called to obedience, also called assent, to the teachings of the Church whether we understand or agree with them or not. See paragraph 892 in the link below for more on that.
See the following for a good overview of the Church and infallibility.
Not for doctrine. He was rebuked by another for his behavior.
“Bad popes” are mostly a matter of opinion, and also a lack of understanding of the politics and dangers of their times. There is no list of “bad popes”. And having personal failures is not the same as teaching doctrinal error. If we expect a pope to exist who does not have personal failures, or with whom people do not find a bone to pick, we are expecting the impossible-- even the holiest of us still sin, fail, make bad decisions, etc.
Anytime the Pope speaks to the whole Church on matters of Faith, (what we believe) and Morals, (How we live that belief) it is Infallible. The Teaching Magisterium of the Church is Infallible, the Bishops in union with the Pope are Infallible in their teachings. . When the Pope canonizes a Saint, it is Infallible. All human being are capable of sinning, even a Pope. Infallibility does not cover the personal life of the Pope, or everything that he says. But even the very few “Bad Popes” we have had never did any harm to the Teaching Authority of the Church. Remember one of the 12 Apostles was a traitor. And they were hand picked by Jesus Himself. Christ promised that the Holy Spirit would guide HIS Church and that the Gates of Hell would NEVER prevail against it. So we trust Christ. The 2,000 year History of the Catholic Church’s teachings have never changed and never will. What was a sin then is still a sin today. We still have all Seven Sacraments, Apostolic Succession, Holy Sacrafice of the Mass and Saints. Read the Acts of the Apostles. God BLess. Memaw