[quote="dans0622, post:6, topic:292693"]
I'll have to disagree with "RollTide" and say that you were correct: excommunication forbids a person from receiving any Sacraments, including Confession (canon 1331.1.2). So, that being the case, how does one reconcile? The first step is the remission of the excommunication. After that, the person can receive absolution.
The remission can be obtained in different ways, depending on the sort of crime that was committed and the way the penalty was incurred. Most of the time, people who are excommunicated today are automatically excommunicated. There is no trial that actually declares or imposes the penalty. For example, let's say a woman with full knowledge and freedom obtains an abortion with the necessary cooperation of her husband, both knowing that they would be excommunicated (cc. 1329.2;1398). Nobody in the Church knows about this crime, though. Therefore, they have incurred an automatic--yet undeclared--excommunication.
If they repent and go to Confession, the confessor could both remit the penalty and grant absolution. If the priest has the faculty to remit the penalty, everything is taken care of on the spot (cc. 137; 1355). If he doesn't have the faculty, he can still remit the penalty and grant absolution as long as a competent authority is then approached (this process is a bit more detailed--see canon 1357.1).
If the penitent is in danger of death, any priest can remit any penalties and grant absolution (c. 976).
I hope this is comprehensible.
Thanks for your answer and the reference to the appropriate canon regarding my question. It is comprehensible. Am I correct in saying, though in danger of death, one may seek Confession and the Sacraments? Is there a provision for that in Canon Law?