My fiancé and I are both practicing Catholics and have both been confirmed. I have never been married, but several years ago, my fiancé was married to a non-Catholic in a secular ceremony. He was confirmed, but not particularly involved with the Catholic church at the time. The marriage was short-lived and had grounds for a civil annulment, but because of personal circumstances, they chose to just divorce.
Now, my fiancé and I would like to marry in the Catholic church. Since his previous marriage had no religious affiliations, would it be recognized by the church? If so, would the fact that it took place outside of the church be enough to render it null? Or would he have to partake in the church's annulment process?