Under FDR. No surprise there. Basically what FDR implemented here was national socialism. Mussolini and Hitler even admired the socialist policies implemented by FDR.
from: Three New Deals: Reflections on Roosevelt’s America, Mussolini’s Italy, and Hitler’s Germany
The Nazi Party newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter, “stressed ‘Roosevelt’s adoption of National Socialist strains of thought in his economic and social policies,’ praising the president’s style of leadership as being compatible Hitler’s own dictatorial Führerprinzip.” (p.190)
Nor was Hitler himself lacking in praise for his American counterpart. He "told American ambassador William Dodd that he was 'in accord with the President in the view that the virtue of duty, readiness for sacrifice, and discipline should dominate the entire people. These moral demands which the President places before every individual citizen of the United States are also the quintessence of the German state philosophy, which finds its expression in the slogan “The Public Weal Transcends the Interest of the Individual.”
Mussolini, who did not allow his work as dictator to interrupt his prolific journalism, wrote a glowing review of Roosevelt’s Looking Forward. He found “reminiscent of fascism. . .the principle that the state no longer leaves the economy to its own devices”; and, in another review, this time of Henry Wallace’s New Frontiers, Il Duce found the Secretary of Agriculture’s program similar to his own corporativism.
New York Times in July, 1933 has Mussolini speaking about the New Deal.
"Your plan for coordination of industry follows precisely our lines of cooperation.
And even went as far as calling FDR a “social-fascist”.
“But Roosevelt did more than just enshrine into the American political and economic system the ideas of Karl Marx and Joseph Stalin (the mass murderer FDR affectionately referred to as “Uncle Joe”). Greatly admiring Benito Mussolini’s fascist system in Italy, Roosevelt proceeded to implement the same type of economic system in the U.S. For example, his National Recovery Act gave him virtually unlimited dictatorial powers over American business and industry. And any American citizen who did not do his “patriotic” duty by supporting the NRA and its “Blue Eagle” soon found himself at the receiving end of FDR’s vengeance and retaliation.”
Is this really what we want to bring about in America? Policies that were greatly admired by Mussolini, Hitler, and Stalin?