I think, for one, that liberal bishops influence language so as to phrase things in the most positive light. A document like this probably never would have come out if the Holocaust had never happened. In effect, the argument goes like this: many people who “professed” faith in Christ complied with, or in some cases, helped exercise the Holocaust. Some Jews, then, admittedly horrified and scandalized say, “So then you expect us to ‘believe in Jesus?’ You hypocrites!” Not saying this isn’t understandable, but in the end, no matter how many atrocities against Jews by Christians that have occurred, it does not diminish the objective reality that we are saved by sanctifying grace. Hence, all Jews who have ever been saved or will ever be saved, whether before or after the First Coming of Christ, will be saved or were saved by the infusion of sanctifying grace by the Triune God, Father Son and Holy Spirit.
The proper Catholic response cannot ultimately deny the objective truth of the Gospel, nor that Christ’s sanctifying grace is what truly saves anyone now, be he Jewish, Christian, Muslim, or other. But I think that herein is the mercy of God: the Jews are really, at least somewhat, innocent of their continuance in the Old Covenant until the Great Apostasy, because, it is the inevitable consequence of normal human nature. That is, in ANY Salvation history, there would always HAVE to be the Two Covenants, the Old and the New.
Why? Because in the intial stages of the fall, humanity is necessarily weighed down by the Creation and the worship thereof, such that, given this intrinsically necessary attachment to the material world, it would be ontologically impossible for God to give Catholicism all at once in the beginning. It can’t be fully processed. (“You can’t HAAANDLE the truth!”, Jeff Cavins pulled that one! ) I mean, when man already is driven by the force of an infant and strong original sin, intellecutally and religiously primitive, and, therefore, prone to polytheism, worshipping the creation, and deifying himself, how can God tell humanity, “There is only ONE all poweful, all good God, but He is THREE Distinct Persons in One Nature, and one of the Persons has BECOME man!” Given this data all at once in the beginning, it is likely humanity would never be anything greater than a Mormon.
Hence, behold, God must give a PREFIGURING Covenant, that gives an INITIAL Revelation, but not the fullness, and that uses things in the material Creation that POINT to spiritual realities and what will later be FULFILLED in the New.
But behold, human nature takes things for granted! Is it not therefore inevitable that the People to whom is given the first, PREFIGURING Covenant will take it as end in and of itself? Will they not fail to realize that what they were given was not the REAL thing, but only a foreshadowing? And will not the Revelation of the Trinity and the Incarnation simply be too much, overload, the final straw? Hence, from all eternity, it would always happen this way: the High Priest shall tear his garment and cry “Blasphemy!”.
Therefore, in a sense, God does not utterly condemn the Jews because it is human nature. It couldn’t be any other way. But behold, how will they eventually convert?
I have a theory. And it is a simple theory, and I base it on one of the perennial proclamations by Christ: “Amen, Amen, I say to you, it will all be FULFILLED!”
So then, my theory is this, the three spiritual ages that the Jews passed through in their history, leading up to Christ, are just a macro example of the Catholic three-stage way of the saint, which is in turn what the People of the New Covenant must also walk, hence, “it will all be fulfilled”. And it fits. If we take the mystics’ prophesies in the most likely scenario, Church history is surprisingly a big fulfillment of the stages of the Jews. Hence, just as the OT Antichrist Antiochus was the final darnkess of Jewish history prior to Christ’s FIRST Coming, so the NT Antichrist is the final age of darkness in the Church before the SECOND Coming of Christ, at which time , as the Jews see their history completed by the Gentiles, their eyes are opened.
You might check out these, if it would help:
Final Jewish Conversion, a Hypothesis
The Mysterious Threes