Anglicans, Lutherans, and other Sacramental Churches of the West… Iis it possible to revive the Catholic Sarum Rite of the old Western European Churches?
Just like the Eastern Churches have their own Canon and their own style, perhaps the Sarum Churches could regain life in the “Western Church”.
I don’t even know what it is. What is it?
The Sarum Rite (more properly called the Use of Salisbury) was a variant of the Roman Rite widely used for the ordering of Christian public worship, including the Mass and the Divine Office. It was established by Saint Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury in the 11th Century and was originally the local form used in the Cathedral and Diocese of Salisbury; it later became prevalent throughout southern England and came to be used throughout most of England, Wales, Ireland and later Scotland until the reign of Queen Mary. Although abandoned after the 16th century, it was also a notable influence on the pattern of Anglican liturgy represented in the Book of Common Prayer. Occasional interest in and attempts at restoration of the liturgy by Anglicans and Roman Catholics have not produced a general revival, however.
It’s the “Western Church” that was abandoned by Protestants during the reformation… It’s still waiting for them when they decide to come home.
I think that the Anglicans, Episcopalians and Lutherans should reestablish it as their own, with their own Canons… Wouldn’t that be a dream come true.
The Sarum Rite of the Mass could be brought back to life, which was a beautiful tradition.
Here it is. The 1000 year old Roman Catholic Sarum Rite Mass of Midievil England.
Some Western Orthodox use this rite I believe, but we do not have the idea of “Rites” as the Roman Catholics do, or separate Canons for local churches. The Western Orthodox would never be their own church anyway they just are parishes that use Western rites while under the jurisdiction of their regular local bishop.
They have their own prayerbooks, hymnals, festal calendars and such however.
There are many Sarum enthusiasts in the Bay Area, so who knows:
Sarum (Use of Salisbury) is one of the pre-Reformation English Uses. It is not strictly a Rite but a variation of the Roman Rite. Whilst it was the most common English Use it was by no means the only one, examples of other Uses being that of York, Hereford or the Welsh Use of Bangor.
When ++Cranmer put together the Book of Common Prayer he incorporated elements of the Sarum Use. For example, Anglicans will be familiar with the Collect for Purity at the beginning of Holy Communion (Almighty God, unto Whom all hearts be open…) In the Sarum Use this was a preparatory prayer said by the Priest before Mass.
In the early 20th century there was some interest in Sarum tradition. A major proponent being Percy Dearmer who created an English Use by overlaying Sarum ceremonial over the Book of Common Prayer liturgy. (Details in Dearmer, ‘The Parson’s Handbook’). Dearmer wanted to re-establish a native English style rather than just adopt Tridentenine practices which was then common among Anglo-Catholics in the CofE.
Some nice colour pictures of Dearmer’s Sarum style:
In more recent years, the Prayer Book Society sold an abridged version of the Sarum Missal rendered into Cranmerian Prayer Book English. It was primarily intended for comparative study but could also be used liturgically. I doubt however that there are many CofE churches that use it liturgically. In its full sense, the Sarum Use is highly complex and as it stands, its doctrine will not be totally in line with Reformed churches.
Personally I like Sarum style ceremonial, it can still be seen in some English churches and Cathedrals.
it’s an interesting story (or stories rather), and has a ton of English history in the book, it really isn’t a great (or even good) literary work.