According to the sources cited in the Wiki article on Moses, “scholarly consensus” has determined he’s a “mythical figure” or a “legendary character”.
My reaction to this was ORLY? I am not one for taking the entire Bible literally, but given that Moses is the major figure in four books of the Pentateuch, which also contain a significant wealth of detail such as place names, the names of cities and other tribes, geographical features, etc. rather than mythical-sounding stuff, I find the idea that Moses is completely fictional to be pretty hard to believe. Plus he shows up again at the Transfiguration. I know historians are probably just going to dismiss the Transfiguration, but Catholics of course do not.
Still, I would like to hear others’ thoughts on this matter. If any Jewish scholars would like to weigh in, I’d like to hear that perspective also.