are you asking about the humanity or the divinity of Jesus or both.
There are more then a few wonderful writers on high and low christology and how it developed.
Are you asking about the validity of the resurrection of Jesus? a good place to start would be in examining the heresies that began as people attempted to define what the ministry and Passion of Jesus meant.
Gnostics, Docetism, Ebiontism, Arianism, Nestorianism, subordinationism, Monarchialism, apollinarianism, monothelitism, etc. These early schools of thought, in the Jesus movement and later the early church, were examined and denied if you like, by the early councils. The orthodox centre was looking for the straight road of doctrine and how we define the humanity and divinity of Jesus.
the Heretical left were exaggerating the humanity of Jesus and denying His divinity, The heretical right were exaggerating the Divinity of Jesus at the expense of His humanity.
a good writer on the humanity of Jesus is a guy from the 1950s who says we kind of disregarded the humanity of Jesus for a very long time. His name is karl Rahner, a jesuit priest.