Scientific Miracles in Quran

THE SEQUENCE IN DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN ORGANS

It is He Who has created hearing, sight and minds for you. What little thanks you show! (Qur’an, 23:78)

Allah brought you out of your mothers’ wombs knowing nothing at all, and gave you hearing, sight and minds so that perhaps you would show thanks. (Qur’an, 16:78)

Say: “What do you think? If Allah took away your hearing and your sight and sealed up your hearts, what god is there, other than Allah, who could give them back to you?”… (Qur’an, 6:46)

We created man from a mingled drop to test him, and We made him hearing and seeing. (Qur’an, 76:2)

The information only recently obtained about the formation of the baby’s organs inside the mother’s womb is in complete agreement with that revealed in the Qur’an.

The above verses refer to a number of senses given to human beings by Allah. These are always referred in a specific order in the Qur’an: hearing, sight, feeling and understanding.

In a paper published in the Journal of the Islamic Medical Association, Dr. Keith Moore states that during the development of the foetus, the eye begins to form after the inner ear has assumed its first form. He says the brain, the centre of feeling and understanding, begins its development after the ear and the eye.94

The foetus’ ears begin to develop as early as the twenty-second day of pregnancy and become fully functional in the fourth month. After that, the foetus can hear sounds in its mother’s womb. For that reason, the sense of hearing forms before the other vital functions for a new-born baby. The order set out in the Qur’an is striking from that point of view. (See Harun Yahya, The Miracle of the Creation of the Human Being, Goodword Books, New Delhi, 2001)

THE IDENTITY IN THE FINGERPRINT

Everyone, including identical twins, has a unique fingerprint. In other words, people’s identities are coded at their fingertips. This coding system may also be compared to the barcode system that is used today.

While it is stated in the Qur’an that it is easy for Allah to bring man back to life after death, peoples’ fingerprints are particularly emphasized:

Yes, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers. (Qur’an, 75:4)

The emphasis on fingerprints has a very special meaning. This is because shapes and details on everyone’s fingerprint are unique to each individual. Every person who is alive or who has ever lived in this world has a set of unique fingerprints. Furthermore, even identical twins having the very same DNA sequence have their own set of fingerprints.105

Fingerprints attain their final shape before birth and remain the same for a lifetime unless a permanent scar appears. That is why fingerprints are accepted as a very important proof of identity, exclusive to their owner. The science of fingerprints has been used as a non-erring identity determination method.

However, what is important is that this feature of fingerprints was only discovered in the late 19th century. Before then, people regarded fingerprints as ordinary curves without any specific importance or meaning. However in the Qur’an, Allah points to the fingertips, which did not attract anyone’s attention at that time, and calls our attention to their importance. This importance has only been fully understood in our day.

The validity of the technique to establish identity by means of fingerprints (AFS) has been confirmed by various police organisations over the last 25 years and is a legally approved method. No technology of identity verification in our time gives such effective results as fingerprints. Using fingerprints to establish identity has been used in legal processes for the last 100 years and possesses international acceptance. “What is a Fingerprint?,” (www.ridgesandfurrows.homestead.com/fingerprint.html.)

In his book Fingerprint Techniques A.A. Moenssens analyses the way that each individual has a unique set of fingerprints: … no two fingerprints from different digits have ever been found to match exactly. Andre A. Moenssens, “Is Fingerprint Identification a ‘Science’?,” (www.forensic-evidence.com/site/
ID/ID00004_2.html#ID1.)

:ehh: That’s kind of common sense. Obviously understanding would come last. As for hearing before seeing, since it’s dark in the womb, a baby would hear before seeing.

:ehh:Finger tips meaning finger prints is a bit of a stretch. I think it fits in that passage because it is the farthest extreminity. Plus, even if it was fingerprints, it’s easy to see that a fingerprint is intricate.

**THE SEAS’ NOT MINGLING WITH ONE ANOTHER **

‘‘He has let loose the two seas, converging together, with a barrier between them they do not break through.’’ (Surat ar-Rahman: 19-20)

In the verse above, it is stressed that two bodies of water meet together, yet do not mingle with one another due to a barrier. How is this possible? Normally, what would be expected is that the waters of the two seas mingle with one another when they meet together and that the proportions of salts and the temperatures of each of them would tend to balance. The case, however, is different. For instant, although the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean physically meet together, their waters do not mingle with one another. The reason for this is a barrier between them. This barrier is a force known as the ‘‘surface tension’’.

ORBITS AND THE ROTATING UNIVERSE

One of the most important causes of the great balance in the universe is unquestionably that the heavenly bodies follow certain orbits or ‘spheres’. Though unknown until recently, these orbits are emphasised in the Qur’an:

It is He Who created night and day and the sun and moon, each one swimming in an orbit. (Surat al-Anbiya: 33)

Stars, planets and satellites revolve both around their own axes and within the systems to which they belong, and the larger universe works in a subtle order just like the gears of a machine.
The orbits in the universe are not confined to the motions of certain celestial bodies. Our solar system and the galaxies have a great activity around other centres as well. Each year, the earth and the Solar system move 500 million kilometres away from their location of the previous year. It has been computed that even a minor deviation of the celestial bodies from their orbits would lead to results that would turn the system upside down. For instance, let us look at what a 3 millimetre deviation above or below the normal in the world’s orbit would cause:

“While rotating around the sun, the earth follows such an orbit that, every 18 miles, it only deviates 2.8 millimetres from a direct course. The orbit followed by the earth never changes, because even a deviation of 3 millimetres would cause catastrophic disasters: if the deviation were 2.5 mm instead of 2.8 mm, then the orbit would be very large, and all of us would freeze. If the deviation were 3.1 mm, we would be scorched to death.” (Bilim ve Teknik, July 1983)

:ehh: I think the one about the sun’s orbit is talking about the sun orbiting the earth and the water one is referring to some other more miraculous act of God.

The sea barrier one is referring to estuaries.

Hey Emad post the one about clouds and how rain forms. It is unbelievable and a lot more precise than these other passages which are all sort of open to interpretation.

The Quran on the Cerebrum

God has said in the Quran about one of the evil disbelievers who forbade the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from praying at the Ka’bah:

{No! If he does not stop, We will take him by the naasiyah (front of the head), a lying, sinful naasiyah (front of the head)!} (Quran, 96:15-16)

Why did the Quran describe the front of the head as being lying and sinful? Why didn’t the Quran say that the person was lying and sinful? What is the relationship between the front of the head and lying and sinfulness?

If we look into the skull at the front of the head, we find the prefrontal area of the cerebrum. What does physiology tell us about the function of this area? A book entitled Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology says about this area, “The motivation and the foresight to plan and initiate movements occur in the anterior portion of the frontal lobes, the prefrontal area. This is a region of association cortex…” The book also says, “In relation to its involvement in motivation, the prefrontal area is also thought to be the functional center for aggression…”

So, this area of the cerebrum is responsible for planning, motivating, and initiating good and sinful behavior and is responsible for the telling of lies and the speaking of truth. Thus, it is proper to describe the front of the head as lying and sinful when someone lies or commits a sin, as the Quran has said,

“…A lying, sinful naasiyah (front of the head)!” (Quran, 96:16)

Scientists have only discovered these functions of the prefrontal area in the last sixty years, according to Professor Keith L. Moore (who wrote ‘The Scientific Miracles in the Front of the Head’, as well as other books regarding the scientific miracles of the Quran).

In addition to Emad’s first post, i thought i would post a link that shows in more detail (with pictures) how the Quran actually details the Human Embryonic development. This you gotta see to believe:

learn-islam.net/whyislam/6.html

[quote=Emad]THE SEQUENCE IN DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN ORGANS

[/quote]

Scientific errors and the myth of embryology in the Koran:

In an effort to show the scientific accuracy of the Koran, Muslim’s are quick to bring up the claim of embryology revealed in stunning accuracy, before man discovered for himself. Muslims love to tell the story of how professor Keith L. Moore, the former anatomist at the University of Toronto, was impressed with the Koran’s embryological information.

However many Muslim are completely unaware that all of the information in the Qur’an about embryology had already been revealed many different times, centuries before hand. Furthermore, some of the information is scientifically inaccurate.

But don’t take my word for it, early Muslim doctors, like Ibn-Qayyim, were first to blow the whistle when they saw the Koranic material, mirrored a Greek doctor named Galen, who lived of 150 AD. In 1983 Basim Musallam, Director of the Centre of Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Cambridge concluded, “The stages of development which the Qur’an and Hadith established for believers agreed perfectly with Galen’s scientific account…There is no doubt that medieval thought appreciated this agreement between the Qur’an and Galen, for Arabic science employed the same Qur’anic terms to describe the Galenic stages” (B. Musallam (Cambridge, 1983) Sex and Society in Islam. p. 54) In other words when it comes to embryology the Qur’an merely echoes the scientific knowledge man had already discovered 450 years earlier.

Samuel ha-Yehudi was a 2nd century Jewish physician, and one of many with an interest in embryology . The embryo was called peri habbetten (fruit of the body) and develops as golem (formless, rolled-up thing); shefir meruqqam (embroidered foetus - shefir means amniotic sac); 'ubbar (something carried); v’alad (child); v’alad shel qayama (noble or viable child) and ben she-kallu chadashav (child whose months have been completed). (J. Needham (Cambridge, 2nd edition 1959) A History of Embryology, p. 77)

J. Needham spent almost 60 pages in his book “A history of embryology”, discussing ancient Greek, Indian and Egyptian embryology, than in less than 1 page he dismisses the entire Arabic tradition by concluding that “Arabic science … was not of great help to embryology”. After listing some of the verses in the Qur’an about embryology he dismisses them as “a seventh-century echo of Aristotle and the Ayer-veda” . (J. Needham (Cambridge, 2nd edition 1959) A History of Embryology, p. 82), in other words a mixture of Greek and ancient Indian teachings.

And what about professor Keith L. Moore, once at the University of Toronto, who Muslims love to quote as a scientist who saw the light of the Koran? If you buy Moore’s latest sixth edition University textbook called “The developing human”, he actually directs his readers to read an essay by Basim Musallam, who we just quoted. who shows that the Koran merely echoes what Greek doctor “Galen” wrote 450 years earlier. It seems Dr. Moore is not as impressed today. (B. Musallam, The human embryo in Arabic scientific and religious thought, in, G. R. Dunstan (ed.) (University of Exeter Press, 1990) The human embryo: Aristotle and the Arabic and European traditions, pp. 32-46)

(Cont…of previous post)

An extraordinary passage from the writings of the medieval philosopher Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya shows how heavily the later Arabic writers depended upon the Greek doctors; in one continuous discourse (Ibn Qayyin (Damascus, 1971) Tuhfat: Tuhfat al mawdud bi ahkam al-mawlud, pp. 254-291) the words of Hippocrates explain the Qur’an and Hadith, and the latter are used to explain Hippocrates:

“Here is someone writing a medical account who includes Hippocrates (bold type), the Qur’an and Hadith (bold italics), commentaries on them (italics) and his own thoughts (normal type) in one and the same paragraph. Of course the intelligentsia of Muhammed’s time would have been familiar with both Greek and Indian medicine: “Hippocrates said … 'some membranes are formed at the beginning, others after the second month, and others in the third month …’ That is why God says, ***‘He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, by one formation after another in three darknesses’***. Since each of these membranes has its own darkness, when God mentioned the stages of creation and transformation from one state to another, He also mentioned the darknesses of the membranes. Most commentators explain: ‘it is the darkness of the belly, and the darkness of the womb, and the darkness of the placenta’ … Hippocrates said, 'The ears are opened, and the eyes, which are filled with a clear liquid.’ The Mohammed used to say, ‘***I worship Him Who made my face and formed it, and opened my hearing and eyesight’ etc. etc”***” (B. Musallam (Cambridge, 1983) Sex and Society in Islam. p. 56).

The Koran says in16:4 “He has created man from a sperm-drop”, but this was understood about 2000 years before the Koran, for the Bible says, “Onan knew that the offspring would not be his; so when he went in to his brother’s wife, he wasted his seed on the ground in order not to give offspring to his brother.” (Genesis 38:9) That man was created from dust is recorded in Gen 2.

Scientific errors related to embryology are contained in the Koran.

He is created from a drop (of sperm) emitted-- Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs. (Qur’an 86:6-7)

Clearly this verse is incorrect, and clearly it has origins in earlier theories. First of all, for sperm to originate between the back and the ribs would mean that it comes from the kidneys! We now know that semen is produced in the testicles, but people in Muhammad’s time did not know this. Eleven centuries before Muhammad, the Greek physician Hippocrates theorized that sperm passed through the kidneys into the penis. For centuries this was an accepted (and incorrect) belief of the origins of sperm.

To believe in the Qur’an is to not think rationally.

There are numerous myths and scientific errors within the text of the Qur’an, and the Hadiths. Muslims accept many scientific absurdities with blind devotion. The world has matured as a whole, and has shed many of the fears and superstitions held by primitive cultures of the past. Unfortunately, because the text of the Qur’an is revered, people do not question many superstitious concepts that Muslims should have outgrown long ago.

There is nothing in Quran related to science. All are pseudo-science. Those muslim apologists are bringing science out of nothing by extreme exploitation of words.

Some of the Scientific Errors in Quran.

  1. What is the Shape of Earth ? Quran Indicates Earth is Flat.

Quran 15:19 And the **earth We have spread out (like a carpet); ** set thereon Mountains firm and immovable;
Quran 88:20 And at the **Earth, how it is spread out? **
Quran 78:6-7 Have We not made the earth as a wide expanse, And the mountains as pegs (anchor)?

Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for Rationality by Parvez Hoodbhoy: **** (Page 49)

“… The Sheikh (Abdul Aziz Ibn Baz) authored … a book in Arabic entitled Jiryan Al-Shams Wa Al-Qammar Wa-Sukoon Al-Arz. This translates into Motion of the Sun and Moon, and Stationarity of the Earth… In an earlier book, he had threatened dissenters with the dire fatwa or takfir (disbelief), but did not repeat the threat in the newer version.”

The earth is flat. Whoever claims it is round is an atheist deserving of punishment.” Yousef M. Ibrahim, “Muslim Edicts take on New Force”, The New York Times, February 12, 1995, p. A-14.

That is a well-known religious edict, or fatwa, issued two years ago by Sheik Abdel-Aziz ibn Baaz, the supreme religious authority of Saudi Arabia. The blind theologian’s status gives his fatwas great weight, though his opinions have often raised eyebrows or embarrassed worldly Saudis…

Also cited by Sagan "The Demon-haunted World’’, Carl Sagan, Ballantine, ISBN 0-345-40946-9, p. 325. I quote (as fair use):

``In 1993, the supreme religious authority of Saudi Arabia, Sheik Abdel-Aziz ibn Baaz, issued a edict, or fatwah, declaring that the world is flat. Anyone of the round persuasion does not believe in God and should be punished.’’

Hence, we see that Muslims both of the past and present affirm that the Quran clearly teaches that the earth is flat. Allah was sure that earth is flat like a carpet and mountains are there to anchor the earth so that earth does not shake with us. Allah is really merciful scientist.

  1. Does Sun Rotate Around the Earth?

Quran 31: 29 Seest thou not that Allah merges Night into Day and He merges Day into Night; That He has subjected the sun and moon (to His law), each running its course for a term (time) appointed.

Quran 21: 33 It is He who created The Night and Day, And the Sun and Moon; each of them Swim (float) along in its own course.

Ayats mentioned above could be found over and over again and again almost in every pages of Quran. Because, Allah standing in the open Arab desert saw very well that, every morning SUN is rising from the East and gradually (appointed time or fixed time) setting to the West, and as a result, day and night follows. Allah truly mentioned this wrong knowledge (sun moving) of pre-historic people. Every time Allah mentioned Sun & Moon, He mentioned day & night, as if it is due to sun’s movement day and night follows. But surprisingly, all the hypocrite Mullahs giving false credit to Allah by saying: look Quran told about sun’s movement 1400 years ago which modern science only found out now. In real world, sun takes 225 millions of years to make just one complete circle through the solar Universe. And obviously this movement of sun has nothing to do with DAY & NIGHT of the earth. Actually, Sun is stationary in relation to the Earth, because the Earth is stuck to the giant gravitation force of the Sun, and the Earth also moves along with the Sun wherever it goes, just the way we are stuck to the Earth’s gravitation force and do not feel its movement at all.

Why then, Allah was telling the Sun’s movement again and again. Why Allah was hysteric about the Sun’s movements. Now dishonest Mullahs are claiming science here. I wonder, why Allah has to mentioned about the Sun’s 225 millions year journey (which is even unimaginable to mankind) to tell about day and night? What relation Sun’s movement has with the day and night?

  1. A resting place for Sun!?

Quran 36: 38 **And the sun runneth on unto a resting place for him. ** That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.
Quran 36: 39 And for the moon We have appointed mansions till she return like an old shrivelled palm leaf.
Quran 36: 40 It is not for Sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit.

Allah is indeed a big scientist. Where is sun and where is moon situated? Can anybody tell me how they could collide/meet/overtake each other? Are the sun and the moon neighbors to each other? I have the answer for this error: Ancient Allah saw (bare eye observations) sun and moon traveling from east to west seemingly in the same Sky area or same path, without colliding, causing day and night etc. Allah hardly could imagine that all these phenomena are simply due to Earth’s rotation and NOT by Sun’s rotation. Sun is stationary for Earth, because earth is stuck in the sun’s Gravity, like we are stuck in earth’s gravity. Allah never says any where in the whole Quran that, EARTH ROTATES. Perhaps Allah could not feel earth’s rotation.

A resting place for sun WAS CONFIRMED BY HADITHS?

Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 54, Number 421
Sahih Bukhari Hadiths: Abzur Ghifari (ra) narrated: one day Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) asked me, “Abzar do you know after setting where does Sun go?” I replied, I do not know, only Allah’s apostle can say better. Then Prophet (SA) replied, “After setting, the sun remains prostrated under Allah’s Aro’sh and waits for Allah’s command for rising again in the East. Day will come when sun will not get permission to rise again and Qeyamot will fall upon Earth”.

Can anybody tell me what is it? It was the superstitious belief of ancient people reflected in the Quran and Hadiths by Allah. A 10-year-old boy would not tell such fairy tale story today.

4.Where Sun Sets ?

“When he reached the setting place of the sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring and found a people thereabout. We said: ‘O Dhul-Qarneyn! Either punish or show them kindness”’ (Surah 18:86).

Sun Sets in a muddy spring ? It is serious scientific errors here! It is scientifically accepted fact that, the Sun never go down in a muddy spring.

These just few errors. There are many more scientific absurdities in Quran. All the fairy tale pseudo-science in Quran are wishful thinking of Muslims to give divine nature of their faith and Quran. But, Alas ! The fact is no science in Quran. No Wonder Why muslim ummah is pathetically backward in Science and in rational thinking.

With reference to the above scientific blunders in Quran, It is better to draw picture of Quranic Universe.

http://www.mukto-mona.com/Articles/avijit/sun_earth_rotation.jpg

The quran is supposed to be the actual word of allah,the word of god!
How could allah mistake something he created for being flat?

THE ROUNDNESS OF THE EARTH

He has created the Heavens and the Earth for Truth. He wraps the night up in the day, and wraps the day up in the night. (Qur’an, 39:5)

In the Qur’an, the words used for describing the universe are quite remarkable. The Arabic word which is translated as “to wrap” in the above verse is “takwir.” In English, it means “to make one thing lap over another, folded up as a garment that is laid away.” For instance, in Arabic dictionaries this word is used for the action of wrapping one thing around another, in the way that a turban is put on. The information given in the verse about the day and the night wrapping each other up includes accurate information about the shape of the world. This can be true only if the Earth is round. This means that in the Qur’an, which was revealed in the 7th century, the roundness of the world was hinted at.

However, it should be remembered that the understanding of astronomy of the time perceived the world differently. It was then thought that the world was a flat plane and all scientific calculations and explanations were based on this belief. However, the Glorious Qur’an has employed the most definitive words when it came to describing the universe. These facts, which we could only correctly fathom in our century, have been in the Qur’an for a vast length of time.

THE EARTH’S DIRECTION OF ROTATION

You will see the mountains and reckon them to be solid; but they go past like clouds-the handiwork of Allah Who gives to everything its solidity. He is aware of what you do. (Qur’an, 27:88)

The above verse emphasises that the Earth not only rotates but that it also has a direction of rotation. The direction of movement of the main cloud masses at 3,500-4,000 metres high is always from West to East. That is why it is generally the state of the weather in the West which is looked at in meteorological forecasts.18

If only they had believed and had fear [and awareness of Allah]!
A reward from Allah is better, if they only knew.
(Qur’an, 2:103)

Do you not know that Allah is He to Whom the kingdom of the heavens and the earth belongs and that, besides Allah,
you have no protector and no helper?
(Qur’an, 2:107)

The main reason why cloud masses are pulled from West to East is the direction in which the Earth rotates. As we now know, our Earth spins from West to East. This fact, only recently established by science, was revealed in the Qur’an hundreds of years ago.

THE EARTH’S GEOID SHAPE

After that He smoothed out the earth. (Qur’an, 79:30)

In the above verse, the word “daha” is used in the original Arabic. It, translated as “smoothed out,” comes from the word “dahv,” meaning “to spread.” Although the word “dahv” also means to cover or to set out, the meaning of the verb is more than just a prosaic setting out, since it describes setting out in a circle.

The concept of roundness is also present in other words derived from “dahv.” For example, the word “dahv” also refers to children dropping a ball into a hole in the ground, games involving throwing stones into holes and games played with walnuts. Words derived from that root are also used for an ostrich making a nest, cleaning stones from where it is about to lie down, the place where it lays its eggs and the egg itself.

Indeed, the Earth is round, in a manner reminiscent of an egg. The slightly flattened spherical shape of the Earth is known as geoid. From that point of view, the use of the word “daha” contains important information about the shape that Allah has given to the Earth. For hundreds of years, people imagined the Earth to be completely flat and only learned the truth thanks to technology. Yet, this fact was revealed in the Qur’an fourteen centuries ago.

continued from last post:

THE DIAMETERS OF THE EARTH AND SPACE

Company of jinn and men, if you are able to pierce through the confines of the heavens and earth, pierce through them. You will not pierce through except with a clear authority. (Qur’an, 55:33)

Edwin Hubble

The Arabic word translated as “confines” in the above verse is “aqtar.” This is the plural form of the word “qutr,” meaning diameter and refers to the skies and the Earth having many diameters. It is possible in Arabic to tell from the form in which a word is used whether it is singular, plural (more than two), or employed in a dual form. Therefore, the form of the word used here, the plural, refers to another piece of miraculous information.

A three-dimensional body can only be said to have a single diameter if it is perfectly spherical. The term “diameters” can only refer to an irregular but basically spherical shape. This word chosen in the Qur’an-diameters-is important from the point of view of indicating the geoid shape of the Earth. The second noteworthy subject in the verse is that the Earth and the heavens are mentioned separately in reference to diameters.

According to Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity, the universe is expanding. But this does not mean that the galaxies and other heavenly bodies are being dispersed in space. This means that space is expanding and that the distance between the galaxies is increasing.

The definition of the “confines of the heavens” in Surat ar-Rahman 33 indicates the spherical structure of space. (Allah knows best.) In the same way that the diameters of space will be different from different points in space, so the diameters of a constantly expanding space will also display differences. From that point of view the use of the plural form of the word confine is full of wisdom, and is one of the indications that the Qur’an is the revelation of our Omniscient Lord.

… [T]he sun and moon and stars are subservient to His command. Both creation and command belong to Him. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.
(Qur’an, 7:54)

The Wrapping of Muscles over the Bones

Another important item of information provided in the verses of the Qur’an is the developmental stages of a human being in the mother’s womb. It is stated in these verses that in the mother’s womb, the bones develop first, and then the muscles form which wrap around them.

[We] then formed the drop into a clot and formed the clot into a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. Blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators! (Qur’an, 23:14)

The bones of the baby completing its development in the mother’s womb are clothed with flesh during one particular stage exactly as stated in the Qur’an.

Embryology is the branch of science that studies the development of the embryo in the mother’s womb. Until very recently, embryologists assumed that the bones and muscles in an embryo developed at the same time. Yet, advanced microscopic research conducted by virtue of new technological developments has revealed that the revelation of the Qur’an is word for word correct.

These observations at the microscopic level showed that the development inside the mother’s womb takes place in just the way it is described in these verses. First, the cartilage tissue of the embryo ossifies. Then, muscular cells that are selected from amongst the tissue around the bones come together and wrap around the bones.

This event is described in a scientific publication titled Developing Human in the following words:

… [T]he shape of the skeleton determines the general appearance of the embryo in the bones stage during the 7th week; muscles do not develop at the same time but their development follows soon after. The muscles take their positions around the bones throughout the body and therefore clothe the bones. Thus, the muscles take their well known forms and structures… The stage of clothing with muscle occurs during the 8th week…86

In short, developmental stages of man, as described in the Qur’an, are in perfect harmony with the findings of modern embryology.

Many stages of a baby’s development in the mother’s womb are related in the Qur’an. As described in Surat al-Muminun 14, the cartilage of the embryo in the mother’s womb ossifies first. Then these bones are covered with muscle cells. Allah describes this development with the verse: “… [We then] formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones in flesh.”

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