[quote="pablope, post:9, topic:273192"]
Minor Seminary is HS level...though I think there are less minor seminaries here in the US. In the Philippines, which is predominantly Catholic...there are minor (HS) seminaries.
A major seminary, as far as I know, starts at freshman college. First you would be taking an AB course, mainly philosophy. After your AB, a seminarian would take up Theology....which is akin to taking a master's degree.
If one entering a seminary already has an AB degree in phil...then he would start at theology, though I think it may take longer than 4 years because of additional spiritual formation required.
In the United States, minor seminary begins at freshman year of college. Major seminary is where theology is studied, in other words, after the degree in Philosophy is finished.
Perhaps I've been wrong all this time, but I'm quite sure college (philosophy) is known as minor, and theology is known as major.
I suppose it doesn't really matter that much what you call it...but there you go.
I believe when high school seminaries were more common, those were what we called minor seminary, but as HS seminaries I think are nearly nonexistent now, so really college is now minor seminary.
As for entering seminary having already attained a degree in Philosophy, it probably depends on where you did your philosophy. But I don't know if that matters. I think in the documents pertaining to priestly formation, (PPF and another I can't recall the name of), it states that you need 6 years of formation. So maybe they would enter pre-theology - seminarians take up to two years of that depending on where they are in their formation, and then do their 4 years of theology.