If a judge upholds a law (whether statute law - an act passed by congress, or case law - a legal convention established by previous cases) which permits or promotes abortion, have they sinned?
I understand and accept that a politician, a lawmaker, who has the freedom to vote one way or another on pro-abortion laws, and who chooses to vote to promote abortion, is committing a grave sin, and the Church teaches that they incur excommunication for it.
Is the situation different for judges, even Supreme Court judges, who also have a professional responsibility to uphold a code of laws in accordance with the conventions of the legal system?
Surely there is a difference here between the legislature and judiciary. The Supreme Court isn’t just a mini-senate of 9 members who vote how they choose. Are they culpable in the same way as politicians?