[quote="Glacies, post:6, topic:309966"]
Happy New Year and God Bless!
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia Pope Martin V introduced in 1418 the distinction of an excommunicated person to a toleratus or a vitandus (Latin: tolerated or avoided) where intercourse with a vitandus was restricted.  This distinction is found in the 1917 Code of Canon Law while in the revised 1983 Code of Canon Law it is not.  Persons without reasonable cause were excluded from secular intercourse with a vitandus and he could not assist at Mass. Holy Masses could be applied to a vitandus only privately for his conversion and without scandal. Here are some passages about the old Code:
*The excommunicated persons may be either excommunicati vitandi, or tolerati. No one is considered a vitandus unless he has been excommunicated by name by the Holy See, has been publicly denounced as such, and explicitly declared a vitandus in the degree or canonical sentence. He who lays violent hands on the Roman Pontiff becomes by this very deed an excommunicatus vitandus, according to Canon 2343, § 1, n. 1. (Canon 2258.)
Every excommunicated person is deprived of the right to assist at Divine offices, but he may be present at sermons. If an excommunicatus toleratus passively assists at Divine services, he need not be expelled, but a vitandus must be removed if this cannot be done the Divine services must be stopped if it can be done without great inconvenience. From active participation in divine services must even be excluded the excommunicatus toleratus whose excommunication is publicly known or who has been excommunicated in an ecclesiastical court by a declaratory or condemnatory sentence. (Canon 2259.)
An excommunicated person is deprived of the indulgences, suffrages and public prayers of the Church. But it is not forbidden (1) that the faithful pray for him privately; (2) that the priests privately apply Holy Mass for him, provided scandal is avoided; for an excommunicatus vitandus Holy Mass is applied for his conversion only. (Canon 2262.)
The faithful are obliged to avoid intercource in secular affairs with an excommunicatus vitandus, except husband or wife, parents, childredn, servants, subjects, and in general all who have a reasonable cause for dealing with such excommunicated persons. (Canon 2267.)*
That is very helpful information...I do believe I am going to have to look up a few of those Latin sounding words though. :D
Peace be with you.