[quote="Crumpy, post:14, topic:181242"]
It's good to flush out an issue like this, lay all the cards on the table.
This is a rather naive question, but did I just do something wrong? :eek:
But to continue in more clearer terms (I was a bit behind schedule at the time of the former post, so I had to speed up):
1.) There are some who link Goliath's decapitated head and Golgotha, but these are mostly for theological reasons. And based on a superficial similarity to the two words (some go further and suggest Golgotha is a contraction of Goliath of Gath, which supposedly is Goliath-Gath) - which however may not be actually related.
גָּלְיָת (Golyat) is of uncertain meaning, but it seems that it is a non-Semitic name. Some connect the name with the Lydian Alyattes and two names found in one potsherd (dating from 10th to mid-9th centuries BC) from Tell es-Safi, the Biblical Gath: alwt and wlt. Golgotha, meanwhile, is usually assumed to be Aramaic גלגלתא gûlgaltâ and the Hebrew gûlgôlet, 'skull' (though one proposal suggests gol goatha 'mount of execution', possibly the Goatha of Jeremiah 31:19).
Sure, David defeating Goliath is one type of Jesus defeating Sin and Death, but IMHO this is taking the whole thing too far - even calling linguistic false friends in the process.
(and BTW, "Goliath of Gath" would be Golyat mi-Gat in Hebrew)
2.) Origen was the first witness we have connecting the place of Jesus' execution with Adam's burial place. Ever since he made this identification, this interpretation spread like wildfire amongst many Christians (because of its admittedly rather beautiful symbolism) to the point that it is repeated a countless times, many of these sources using Origen almost verbatim.
Of course, this opinion is not without its detractors, few they may be: St. Jerome, for instance, who argues that Jews do not have such a tradition and instead looks for other explanations for Calvary's cryptic name.
St. Jerome's opinion is quite correct, in one sense: Jewish tradition itself is divided as to where Adam is buried. Some put his burial in Hebron in the Cave of the Patriarchs (this was the majority opinion among the rabbis); others believe he was buried beneath the Foundation Stone of the Temple in Jerusalem, i.e. in Mount Moriah, which was the center of the world in Jewish belief because it is the place where the world originated and where God took the dust He used to form Adam.
A number of people take note of the latter tradition and wonder whether Origen has transferred it from the Temple Mount to Golgotha either accidentally, taking the reference to a 'temple' as referring to the Roman temple which stood over the site of the modern-day Church of the Holy Sepulchre at that time (Herod's Temple already being destroyed two centuries ago), or on purpose, because of its theological significance. IMHO, this is not unlikely, given that certain Christian traditions has also transferred the honor of being 'the navel/center of the world' and 'Mount Moriah' from the Temple Mount to Golgotha.
In his commentary to the Ephesians (XLVI.17), St. Jerome gives us an insight as to how the Adam tradition was passed in his time. He talks about someone who was preaching about the epistle in a church who told the story and added that the Lord leaned over Adam's grave, and, paraphrasing Ephesians 5:14, said, "Rise up, Adam, you that sleep, and arise from the dead." Eventually however, he came to dismiss this interpretation (as one can see in his commentary on Matthew, XXVII.33) as fable, but adding that it was a popular interpretation which was 'pleasing to the ears'.
Personally, I am also starting to have my own qualms with the Adam tradition. For one thing, why would Jews use his supposed burial site as a stone quarry and then later let Romans use the area as an execution site if they had a tradition that it was Adam's resting place all along?