Son of God

Scott Hahn mentioned something about Jesus being the “new Adam”. What does that mean?

The “old Adam” (of Genesis) was created in a perfect (sinless) state, but sinned, and all humanity inherited this sinful nature.

Jesus, the “new Adam” was created in a perfect (sinless) state and remained sinless. He OFFERS to all humanity a share in this sinless state (this offer is called “redemption”).

FWIW, Mary is the “new Eve”

Apparently, Jesus is an “Adam” because he was born in a sinless state.

Wherefore as by one man sin entered into this world, and by sin death; and so death passed upon all men, in whom all have sinned. For until the law sin was in the world; but sin was not imputed, when the law was not. But death reigned from Adam unto Moses, even over them also who have not sinned after the similitude of the transgression of Adam, who is a figure of him who was to come. But not as the offence, so also the gift. For if by the offence of one, many died; much more the grace of God, and the gift, by the grace of one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one sin, so also is the gift. For judgment indeed was by one unto condemnation; but grace is of many offences, unto justification. For if by one man’s offence death reigned through one; much more they who receive abundance of grace, and of the gift, and of justice, shall reign in life through one, Jesus Christ. Therefore, as by the offence of one, unto all men to condemnation; so also by the justice of one, unto all men to justification of life. For as by the disobedience of one man, many were made sinners; so also by the obedience of one, many shall be made just. Now the law entered in, that sin might abound. And where sin abounded, grace did more abound. That as sin hath reigned to death; so also grace might reign by justice unto life everlasting, through Jesus Christ our Lord. (Romans 5:12-21)

No, He was “an Adam” because He took on human flesh. His likeness to “first Adam” is His freedom from sin. He is “new”, compared to the old because He is the perfection of what “first Adam” was intended to be, yet failed to be by choosing to sin.

So, as Mr. Filmer says,

The “old Adam” (of Genesis) was created in a perfect (sinless) state, but sinned, and all humanity inherited this sinful nature.

Jesus, the “new Adam” was created in a perfect (sinless) state and remained sinless. He OFFERS to all humanity a share in this sinless state (this offer is called “redemption”).

And as Paul explains for us in Romans (fairly clearly), which QNDNNDQDCE provides:

Wherefore as by one man sin entered into this world, and by sin death; and so death passed upon all men, in whom all have sinned. For until the law sin was in the world; but sin was not imputed, when the law was not. But death reigned from Adam unto Moses, even over them also who have not sinned after the similitude of the transgression of Adam, who is a figure of him who was to come. But not as the offence, so also the gift. For if by the offence of one, many died; much more the grace of God, and the gift, by the grace of one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. And not as it was by one sin, so also is the gift. For judgment indeed was by one unto condemnation; but grace is of many offences, unto justification. For if by one man’s offence death reigned through one; much more they who receive abundance of grace, and of the gift, and of justice, shall reign in life through one, Jesus Christ. Therefore, as by the offence of one, unto all men to condemnation; so also by the justice of one, unto all men to justification of life. For as by the disobedience of one man, many were made sinners; so also by the obedience of one, many shall be made just. Now the law entered in, that sin might abound. And where sin abounded, grace did more abound. That as sin hath reigned to death; so also grace might reign by justice unto life everlasting, through Jesus Christ our Lord. (Romans 5:12-21)

By the way, when I say his likeness to first Adam was freedom from original sin, I don’t in any way mean to diminish the fact that “first Adam” was created in the image and likeness of God, Who would then take on human flesh, etc… It wasn’t my intent to get that deep into it. :smiley:

Better term here might be incarnate, for Jesus was never created. Of course, I get what you mean.

Just to clarify:

The word “incarnate” simply describes the nature of Jesus, in that he was God taking human form. St. John Damascene wrote that Jesus is both “created and uncreated, mortal and immortal, circumscribed and uncircumscribed”. However, we must be careful not to fall into heresy and come to reason that Jesus is not of the same substance as God, which is why in our creed we state he is “begotten, not made, one in Being with the Father.”

Yeah, what Jonathon said.

Which is good, because I was closer to being an unintentional heretic, as Evan pointed out.

It is sometimes said that “nobody since Aquinas has expounded on the Trinity without making a heretic of himself - and we’re not so sure about Aquinas.”

I think that’s funny (and probably true).

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