Where do we find that we are to be under the rule of a human being based out of Rome?
- Some Protestants claim that Jesus condemned all oral tradition (e.g., Matt 15:3, 6; Mark 7:8 13). If so, why does He bind His listeners to oral tradition by telling them to obey the scribes and Pharisees when they “sit on Moses’ seat” (Matt 23:2)?
Considering, the “Moses seat” was where the scriptures were read in the synagogue, is hardly a place to go looking for non biblical tradition.
- Some Protestants claim that St. Paul condemned all oral tradition (Col 2:8). If so, why does he tell the Thessalonians to “stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter” (2 Thes 2:15) and praises the Corinthians because they “hold firmly to the traditions” (1 Cor 11:2)?
Please list some of the “traditions” Paul speaks about here and why it is different than what Paul writes about in his other epistles. Why does Paul like to repeat himself, saying the same things in different epistles and how that does not poke a hole in your assumptions
- How do we know who wrote the books that we call Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Hebrews, and 1, 2, and 3 John?
Best recollection and evidence from the Church. Why doesnt the Roman Catholic know for sure who wrote Hebrews?
- Where in the Bible do we find an inspired and infallible list of books that should belong in the Bible? (e.g., Is the Bible’s Table of Contents inspired?) How do we know, from the Bible alone, that the individual books of the New Testament are inspired, even when they make no claim to be inspired?
How did the Jews know 50 years before Christ that their Torah was scripture?
- How do we know, from the Bible alone, that the letters of St. Paul, who wrote to first-century congregations and individuals, are meant to be read by us as Scripture 2000 years later?
Are you saying the Word of God has a time limit? Faith in Christ was only for those Paul wrote to?
- If the books of the New Testament are “self-authenticating” through the ministry of the Holy Spirit to each individual, then why was there confusion in the early Church over which books were inspired, with some books being rejected by the majority?
The Church alsways accepted most of the Books except Heb, James, II, III John and Rev. This was never huge confusion over this as you seem to be implying.
- Who may authoritatively arbitrate between Christians who claim to be led by the Holy Spirit into mutually contradictory interpretations of the Bible?
Elders in the Church, offcourse.
- Since each Protestant must admit that his or her interpretation is fallible, how can any Protestant in good conscience call anything heresy or bind another Christian to a particular belief?
Because most of the bible can be understood without being a rocket science. Is God the Author of confusion?
- Protestants usually claim that they all agree “on the important things.” Who is able to decide authoritatively what is important in the Christian faith and what is not?
Those being led by the Spirit of God with a 6th grade education.
- How did the early Church evangelize and overthrow the Roman Empire, survive and prosper almost 350 years, without knowing for sure which books belong in the canon of Scripture?
The impact of the Holy spirit.
- Who in the Church had the authority to determine which books belonged in the New Testament canon and to make this decision binding on all Christians? If nobody has this authority, then can I remove or add books to the canon on my own authority?
The question begs the erroneous assumption that God requires a human Pope upon the Earth.