Previous studies have shown that homosexual adoptive parents are not harmful to the development of the adopted children. What is evident from the research about homosexual parenting is that further studies must be done. At the very least it seems homosexual parents are no better or worse on their effect on children than their heterosexual counterparts.
“At least 4 million U.S. children have one or both parents who identify themselves as homosexual, said Gary Gates of the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, but long-term studies are still limited.
Sociologists Judith Stacey and Timothy Biblarz published an analysis in 2001 in the American Sociological Review of 21 studies of children raised by homosexual parents and found that, overall, they were no more likely to suffer from psychological problems than kids raised in conventional homes.
“There was a very strong consensus that kids turned out about the same,” Stacey said.
Ultimately, their findings were generally endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Medical Association, the American Psychological Association and other mainstream organizations.
Peter Sprigg, a vice president at the Family Research Council, a conservative advocacy organization, points to decades of research that examines children of divorce. The evidence overwhelmingly concludes children do better in a two-parent, heterosexual home, he said. “Homosexual-headed households are lacking in stability, . . . and children are more likely to suffer from all the problems that are related to an unstable home.”
Social scientists do raise issues about the methodology of any studies on the subject—arguing that the field is too young, the samples too small and the variables too many to obtain reliable data.
The bottom line is that within the research community there are no empirical studies demonstrating adverse effects, said Stacey, who is now at New York University. “We know that a parent’s sexual orientation is not a significant factor. A good parent is a good parent, . . . and parents who get along and are consistent in their child-rearing . . . have better outcomes than those who don’t.”