Frequently on this Forum one encounters statements to the effect that the Church was unified theologically prior to the Reformation, and that Luther came along and shattered the calm.
Banana boats! (Pardon the mild language) !
The Church did not rule on the subject of justification from the Council of Orange until Trent, and left a thousand year silence in which all kinds of theories came to fruition and were intensely debated. There was no ONE theory of justification. Luther’s theories on justification were, up until Trent, at least as valid as any other Catholic theologian’s. He was, after all, a professor of theology.
On this thread I propose to debate whether there was, in the centuries preceding the Reformation, a unity on the doctrine and practice of justification held by the Catholic Church. I will take the position there was no such unity.
Prove me wrong.