The angel of the lord


who is the angel of the lord?is he god himself or an archangel or superior to an archangel?i read he often called as theophany or it true?i am not sure but maybe i read in old testament that he claimed I AM THE LORD.i am totally buddies pls reply me with detail information about THE ANGEL OF THE christ


There are passages where angel of the lord does in fact refer to God.

Exodus 3

2And the **angel of the LORD **appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.

4And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.

5And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.

6Moreover he said, **I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. **

14And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

15And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, the LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

verse 14 is often linked to John 8:58 making God as the angel of the Lord here Jesus.

ISBE states,

  1. The Angel of the Theophany:

This angel is spoken of as “the angel of Yahweh,” and “the angel of the presence (or face) of Yahweh.” The following passages contain references to this angel:

Genesis 16:7–the angel and Hagar; Genesis 18–Abraham intercedes with the angel for Sodom; Genesis 22:11–the angel interposes to prevent the sacrifice of Isaac; Genesis 24:7,40–Abraham sends Eliezer and promises the angel’s protection; Genesis 31:11–the angel who appears to Jacob says “I am the God of Beth-el”; Genesis 32:24–Jacob wrestles with the angel and says, “I have seen God face to face”; Genesis 48:15 f–Jacob speaks of God and the angel as identical; Exodus 3 (compare Acts 7:30)–the angel appears to Moses in the burning bush; Exodus 13:21; 14:19 (compare Numbers 20:16)–God or the angel leads Israel out of Egypt; Exodus 23:20–the people are commanded to obey the angel; Exodus 32:34-33:17 (compare Isaiah 63:9)–Moses pleads for the presence of God with His people; Joshua 5:13-6:2–the angel appears to Joshua; Judges 2:1-5–the angel speaks to the people; Judges 6:11–the angel appears to Gideon.

A study of these passages shows that while the angel and Yahweh are at times distinguished from each other, they are with equal frequency, and in the same passages, merged into each other. How is this to be explained? It is obvious that these apparitions cannot be the Almighty Himself, whom no man hath seen, or can see. In seeking the explanation, special attention should be paid to two of the passages above cited. In Exodus 23:20 God promises to send an angel before His people to lead them to the promised land; they are commanded to obey him and not to provoke him "for he will not pardon your transgression:

for my name is in him." Thus the angel can forgive sin, which only God can do, because God’s name, i.e. His character and thus His authority, are in the angel. Further, in the passage Exodus 32:34-33:17 Moses intercedes for the people after their first breach of the covenant; God responds by promising, “Behold mine angel shall go before thee”; and immediately after God says, “I will not go up in the midst of thee.” In answer to further pleading, God says, “My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.” Here a clear distinction is made between an ordinary angel, and the angel who carries with him God’s presence. The conclusion may be summed up in the words of Davidson in his Old Testament Theology: “In particular providences one may trace the presence of Yahweh in influence and operation; in ordinary angelic appearances one may discover Yahweh present on some side of His being, in some attribute of His character; in the angel of the Lord He is fully present as the covenant God of His people, to redeem them.” The question still remains, Who is theophanic angel? To this many answers have been given, of which the following may be mentioned:

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